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Watershed Management – WM Notes

Watershed Management – WM Notes pdf file

Watershed Management notes pdf – WM pdf notes – WM notes pdf file to download are listed below please check it –

Link:Complete Notes

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.


INTRODUCTION : Concept of watershed development, objectives of watershed development, need for watershed development in India, Integrated and multidisciplinary approach for watershed management.


CHARACTERISTICS OF WATERSHED : size, shape, physiography, slope, climate, drainage, land use, vegetation, geology and soils, hydrology and hydrogeology, socio-economic characteristics, basic data on watersheds;


Watershed delineation — Runoff Computations from a watershed— Flood Frequency Analysis -Gumbell,log Pearson and Weibull Methods of Analysis.


PRINCIPLES OF EROSION: Types of erosion, factors affecting erosion, effects of erosion on land fertility and land capability, estimation of soil loss due to erosion, Universal soil loss equation.
MEASURES TO CONTROL EROSION: Contour techniques, ploughing, furrowing, trenching, bunding, terracing, gully control, rockfill dams, brushwood dam, Gabion.

WATER HARVESTING: Rainwater Harvesting, catchment harvesting, harvesting structures, soil moisture conservation, check dams, artificial recharge, farm ponds, percolation tanks.


FOREST AND GRASS LAND MANAGEMENT: Interpretation of Satellite Imageries- Land use and Land Cover. Land capability classification, management of forest, agricultural, grassland and wild land. Reclamation of saline and alkaline soils.


ECOSYSTEM MANAGEMENT: Role of Ecosystem, crop husbandry, soil enrichment, inter, mixed and strip cropping, cropping pattern, sustainable agriculture, bio-mass management, dry land agriculture, Silvi pasture, horticulture, social forestry and afforestation.


Planning of watershed management activities, peoples participation, preparation of action plan, administrative requirements- Reservoir Routing.

Reference – Watershed Management – WM notes pdf – WM pdf notes – WM Pdf – WM Notes

1. Land and Water Management by VVN Murthy, – Kalyani Publications.
2. Irrigation and Water Management by D.K.Majumdar, Printice Hall of India.

Text books – Watershed Management – WM notes pdf – WM pdf notes – WM Pdf – WM Notes

l. Watershed Management by JV S Murthy, – New Age International Publishers.
2. Water Resource Engineering by R.Awurbs and WP James, -Prentice Hall Publishers.

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