## POWER SYSTEM II Notes

**Objective : Power System II Notes – PS II Notes – PS II Pdf notes**

This course is an extension of Power systems-I course. It deals with basic theory of transmission lines modeling and their performance analysis. Also this course gives emphasis on mechanical design of transmission lines, cables and insulators.

#### Link – Complete Notes

#### Link – Unit 1

#### Link – Unit 2

#### Link – Unit 3

#### Link – Unit 4

#### Link – Unit 5

**UNIT-I**

**Transmission Line Parameters**

Types of conductors – calculation of resistance for solid conductors – Calculation of inductance for single phase and three phase, single and double circuit lines, concept of GMR & GMD, symmetrical and asymmetrical conductor configuration with and without transposition, Numerical Problems. Calculation of capacitance for 2 wire and 3 wire systems, effect of ground on capacitance, capacitance calculations for symmetrical and asymmetrical single and three phase, single and double circuit lines, Numerical Problems.

**UNIT-II**

**Performance of Short and Medium Length Transmission Lines**

Classification of Transmission Lines – Short, medium and long line and their model representations – Nominal- T, Nominal-Pie and A, B, C, D Constants for symmetrical & Asymmetrical Networks, Numerical Problems. Mathematical Solutions to estimate regulation and efficiency of all types of lines – Numerical Problems.

**UNIT-III**

**Performance of Long Transmission Lines**

Long Transmission Line-Rigorous Solution, evaluation of A,B,C,D Constants, Interpretation of the Long Line Equations, Incident, Reflected and Refracted Waves -Surge Impedance and SIL of Long Lines, Wave Length and Velocity of Propagation of Waves – Representation of Long Lines – Equivalent-T and Equivalent Pie network models (numerical problems).

**UNIT – IV**

**Power System Transients**

Types of System Transients – Travelling or Propagation of Surges – Attenuation, Distortion, Reflection and Refraction Coefficients – Termination of lines with different types of conditions – Open Circuited Line, Short Circuited Line, T-Junction, Lumped Reactive Junctions (Numerical Problems). Bewley’s Lattice Diagrams (for all the cases mentioned with numerical examples).

**UNIT-V**

**Various Factors Governing the Performance of Transmission line**

Skin and Proximity effects – Description and effect on Resistance of Solid Conductors – Ferranti effect – Charging Current – Effect on Regulation of the Transmission Line, Shunt Compensation. Corona – Description of the phenomenon, factors affecting corona, critical voltages and power loss, Radio Interference.

**UNIT-VI**

**Overhead Line Insulators**

Types of Insulators, String efficiency and Methods for improvement, Numerical Problems – voltage distribution, calculation of string efficiency, Capacitance grading and Static Shielding.

**UNIT-VII**

**Sag and Tension Calculations**

Sag and Tension Calculations with equal and unequal heights of towers, Effect of Wind and Ice on weight of Conductor, Numerical Problems – Stringing chart and sag template and its applications.

**UNIT-VIII**

**Underground Cables**

Types of Cables, Construction, Types of Insulating materials, Calculations of Insulation resistance and stress in insulation, Numerical Problems. Capacitance of Single and 3-Core belted cables, Numerical Problems. Grading of Cables – Capacitance grading, Numerical Problems, Description of Inter-sheath grading, HV Cables.

**TEXT BOOKS: Power System-II Notes**

- A Text Book on Power System Engineering by M.L.Soni, P.V.Gupta, U.S.Bhatnagar, A.Chakrabarthy, Dhanpat Rai & Co Pvt. Ltd.
- Electrical power systems – by C.L.Wadhwa, New Age International (P) Limited, Publishers,1998.

**REFERENCE BOOKS: Power System-II Notes**

- Power system Analysis-by John J Grainger William D Stevenson, TMC Companies, 4th edition
- Power System Analysis and Design by B.R.Gupta, Wheeler Publishing.
- Power System Analysis by Hadi Saadat – TMH Edition..
- Modern Power System Analysis by I.J.Nagaraj and D.P.Kothari, Tata McGraw Hill, 2nd Edition.

**Note :- These notes are according to the r09 Syllabus book of**** ****JNTUH.In R13 ,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in r13 syllabus.Click here to check all the JNTU Syllabus books **