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## Transforms and Partial Differential Equations pdf Notes- TPDE pdf Notes file

Transforms and Partial Differential Equations pdf Notes – TPDE pdf Notes – TPDE pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please reTPDEr to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Partial Differential Equations,Formation of partial Differental equations by Eliination of arbitrary constants,
• Foration of PDE by Elimination of arbitary Constants Functions,taylor’s and maclaurin’s series,
• expansion by use of known series,expansion by forming a differential equation,asymptotes,curvater,
• radius of curvature for cartesian,parametric and polar curves,centre of curvature and chord of curvature,tracing of cartesian and polar curves.

Unit-2:

• Periodic Function,Fouries Series,Uses of Fouries Series,Dirichlet Condition,Even functon,odd function,
• Partial dirrentiation and its applications,functions of two or more variables partial derivatives
• total differential and differntiability,derivaties of composite and implict functions,change of variables.

Unit-3:

• Homogeneous functions,euler’s theorm,jacobian,taylors and maclaurin’s series for functions of two variables,
• errors and approximations,maxima-minima of functions of two variables,lagranges method of undetermined multipliers,differentiation under the integral sign,

Unit-4:

• Multiple integrals and their multiplications,double integral,change of order of integration double integral in polar coordinates,
• applications of double integral to find area enclosed by lane curves and volume of solids of revolution,
• triple integral,volume of solids,change of variables,beta and gamma functions and relatioship between them.

Unit-5:

• vector calculus:differential of vectors,scalar and vector point functions gradient of a scalar,field and directional derivative,
• divergence and curl of a vector field and their physical interpretations,del applied twice to point functions,
• integration of vectors,line integral,surface integral,volume integral,green’s,stoke’s and guass divergence theorms  and their simple applications.

## Mechanical Vibrations and Structural Dynamics pdf Notes – MVSD pdf Notes file

Mechanical Vibrations and Structural Dynamics pdf Notes – MVSD pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Introduction to Mechanical Vibrations,IMPORTANCE OF VIBRATIONS ,Modeling issues ,
• Linear superposition as a “working” principle,Review of kinematics and generalized coordinate descriptions,
• Review of energy and power expressions ,MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS AND STRUCTURAL DYNAMIC.

Unit-2:

• VIBRATION UNDER HARMONIC FORCING CONDITIONS,Newton’s second law and Euler’s equation,
• Conservation of energy (first law of thermodynamics) ,Lagrange’s equations of class II (holonomic form),
• Multiple degree-of-freedom (MDOF) systems ,Note that the symmetry in the mass, damping, and stiffness matrices has disappeared and the coordinates have become dynamically coupled as well as statically coupled.

Unit-3:

• VIBRATION UNDER GENERAL FORCING CONDITIONS,Continuous systems of second and fourth-order,
• These expressions can be used in conjunction with Hamilton’s principle to derive the EOMs,
• however, this technique will not be presented here because it requires a clear working knowledge of variational calculus, which is beyond the scope of this course.

Unit-4:

• TWO AND MULTI – DOF SYSTEM,Free response of single degree-of-freedom systems with viscous damping,
• Free response of single degree-of-freedom systems for arbitrary damping ,Free response of multiple degree-of-freedom systems,
• Principal coordinates and modal transformations,Boundary conditions and rigid body modes in semi-definite MDOF systems,
• Second order continuous systems and separation of variables ,Fourth order continuous systems and separation of variables.

Unit-5:

• CONTINUOUS SYSTEMS,Terminology – steady state and transient response ,Some review of time-frequency signal representation,
• Step response: A simple example of forced response analysis ,Harmonic response: relative amplitude and phase relationships .
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## Transforms and Partial Differential Equations pdf Notes- TPDE pdf Notes file

Transforms and Partial Differential Equations pdf Notes – TPDE pdf Notes – TPDE pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please reTPDEr to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Partial Differential Equations,Formation of partial Differental equations by Eliination of arbitrary constants,
• Foration of PDE by Elimination of arbitary Constants Functions,taylor’s and maclaurin’s series,
• expansion by use of known series,expansion by forming a differential equation,asymptotes,curvater,
• radius of curvature for cartesian,parametric and polar curves,centre of curvature and chord of curvature,tracing of cartesian and polar curves.

Unit-2:

• Periodic Function,Fouries Series,Uses of Fouries Series,Dirichlet Condition,Even functon,odd function,
• Partial dirrentiation and its applications,functions of two or more variables partial derivatives
• total differential and differntiability,derivaties of composite and implict functions,change of variables.

Unit-3:

• Homogeneous functions,euler’s theorm,jacobian,taylors and maclaurin’s series for functions of two variables,
• errors and approximations,maxima-minima of functions of two variables,lagranges method of undetermined multipliers,differentiation under the integral sign,

Unit-4:

• Multiple integrals and their multiplications,double integral,change of order of integration double integral in polar coordinates,
• applications of double integral to find area enclosed by lane curves and volume of solids of revolution,
• triple integral,volume of solids,change of variables,beta and gamma functions and relatioship between them.

Unit-5:

• vector calculus:differential of vectors,scalar and vector point functions gradient of a scalar,field and directional derivative,
• divergence and curl of a vector field and their physical interpretations,del applied twice to point functions,
• integration of vectors,line integral,surface integral,volume integral,green’s,stoke’s and guass divergence theorms  and their simple applications.

## Mechanical Vibrations and Structural Dynamics pdf Notes – MVSD pdf Notes file

Mechanical Vibrations and Structural Dynamics pdf Notes – MVSD pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Introduction to Mechanical Vibrations,IMPORTANCE OF VIBRATIONS ,Modeling issues ,
• Linear superposition as a “working” principle,Review of kinematics and generalized coordinate descriptions,
• Review of energy and power expressions ,MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS AND STRUCTURAL DYNAMIC.

Unit-2:

• VIBRATION UNDER HARMONIC FORCING CONDITIONS,Newton’s second law and Euler’s equation,
• Conservation of energy (first law of thermodynamics) ,Lagrange’s equations of class II (holonomic form),
• Multiple degree-of-freedom (MDOF) systems ,Note that the symmetry in the mass, damping, and stiffness matrices has disappeared and the coordinates have become dynamically coupled as well as statically coupled.

Unit-3:

• VIBRATION UNDER GENERAL FORCING CONDITIONS,Continuous systems of second and fourth-order,
• These expressions can be used in conjunction with Hamilton’s principle to derive the EOMs,
• however, this technique will not be presented here because it requires a clear working knowledge of variational calculus, which is beyond the scope of this course.

Unit-4:

• TWO AND MULTI – DOF SYSTEM,Free response of single degree-of-freedom systems with viscous damping,
• Free response of single degree-of-freedom systems for arbitrary damping ,Free response of multiple degree-of-freedom systems,
• Principal coordinates and modal transformations,Boundary conditions and rigid body modes in semi-definite MDOF systems,
• Second order continuous systems and separation of variables ,Fourth order continuous systems and separation of variables.

Unit-5:

• CONTINUOUS SYSTEMS,Terminology – steady state and transient response ,Some review of time-frequency signal representation,
• Step response: A simple example of forced response analysis ,Harmonic response: relative amplitude and phase relationships .

## Manufacturing Technology – I pdf Notes – MT – I pdf Notes file

Manufacturing Technology – I pdf Notes – MT – I pdf Notes – MT – I pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please reMT – Ir to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Sand Casting,Sand Mould,Types of Pattern,Pattern materials,Pattern Allowances,Types of pattern allowances,
• Shrinkage Allowance,Machining Allowance,Draft Allowance,Distortion Allowance,Rapping Allowance,
• Movlding Sand,Properties of Moulding Sand.

Unit-2:

• Joining Processes,Classification of Welding Process,Fusion Welding,Plastic Welding,Gas Welding Technique,
• oxy-Acetylene Welding,air-Acetylene Welding,oxy-Hydrogen Welding,Flame Characteristics,Resistance Welding,
• Various types of resrstance welding,Plasma Arc-welding,Thermit Welding,Electron Beam Welding,Laser Beam Welding,Friction Welding,Friction Stir Welding,Brazing Methods.

Unit-3:

• Metal Forming Processes,Hot working and cold working of methods,Hot working of methods,Types of Hot Working,
• Hot forging,Hot Rolling,Hot Extrusion,Drawing,Cold working,Classification of cold working process,Meterials used for cold working process,
• Forging Processes,Classification of forging,Closed die (or) impression forging,Types of forging machines.

Unit-4:

• Sheet Metal Processes,Sheet metal Characteristics,Bending,Types of Bending Operations,Drawing,

Unit-5:

• Manifacture of Plastic Components,Characteristics of Plastics,Types of Plastics,Thermosetting Plastics,
• Thermosetting,screw type injection molding,Limitations,Blow Moulding,Rotational molding.

## Internet Programming pdf Notes – IP pdf Notes file

Internet Programming pdf Notes – IP pdf Notes – IP pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Introduction to java,Objects in Java,Classes in Java,Local variables,Instance variables,Class variables,
• Constructors,Creating an Object,Accessing Instance Variables and Methods,Source file declaration rules,
• Java Package,Import statements,Control Statements.

Unit-2:

• Understanding Internet Basics,Internet Clients and Servers,Internet vs. Intranet,HTML Pages,HTML Page and Source HTML,
• HTML Tags and Attributes,Web page,Web site,Web Server,Search EngineHTML Basics,Objectives.

Unit-3:

• Introduction to JavaScript,How is JavaScript constructed,Creating a regular expression,Writing a regular expression pattern,
• Using simple patterns,Using special characters,Working with regular expressions,Using parentheses Advanced searching with flags.

Unit-4:

• Naming and Creating a Variable in PHP,Assigning a Value to a PHP Variable,Accessing PHP Variable Values,
• Internal (built-in) functions,PHP User Defined Functions,Create a User Defined Function in PHP,PHP Function Arguments,PHP Default Argument Value.

Unit-5:

• Naming and Creating a Variable in PHP,Assigning a Value to a PHP Variable,Accessing PHP Variable Values,
• Internal (built-in) functions,PHP User Defined Functions,Connecting to a Database,Should I Use MySQLi or PDO,MySQLi Installation,PDO Installation,Open a Connection to MySQL,PHP Create/Retrieve a Cookie.

## Grid and Cloud Computing pdf Notes – GCC pdf Notes file

Grid and Cloud Computing pdf Notes – GCC pdf Notes – GCC pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Evolutionary Trend,MPP-Maariv parallel Processors,High Performance Computing (HPC),High Throughtput Computing (HTC),
• Computing Paradigms,Centralized Computing,Parallel Computing,Distributed Computing,Autonomous Computers,Cloud Computing.

Unit-2:

• Open Grid Service Architecture (OGSA),Physical and Logical Resources layer,Web Services Layers,
• OGSA Architected Services Layer,Grid Core Services,Service Management,Service Communication,Policy Services,
• Security Services,Application Layer,Open Gird Services infrastructure,Data Intensive Grid Service Models.

Unit-3:

• Cloud Deployment Models,Cloud Computing,Private Cloud,Data Center Networking,Cloud Design Objectives,
• Cloud Service Models of different Serives Levels,Infrastracture as a Service (IAAS),Platfrom as a Service,
• Software as a Service(SAAS),Implementation Levels of Virtualization,Code Interpretation.

Unit-4:

• Globus Toolkit Architecture,GT4 Library,Globus Job Workflow,Client-Globus Interactions,MapReduce Model in detail,
• Introducing Hadoop,Map & Reduce function,HDFS Concepts in detail,Namenodes and Datanodes,
• HDFS Federation,HDFS High-Availability,Failover and fencing,Anatomy of a File Read,Anatomy of a File write,Ingest the URLs and their associated metadata,
• Normalize the URLs,Eliminate duplicate URLs,Filter the URLs against a set of exclusion and inclusion filters.

## Graphics and Multimedia pdf Notes – GM pdf Notes file

Graphics and Multimedia pdf Notes – GM pdf Notes – GM pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Introduction,Computer hardware,Computer Software,Line Drawing algorithm,DDA Algorithm (Digital differential analyzer),
• DDA Line Algorithm,Advantages,Disadvantages,Bresenham’s Line Algorithm,decision variable or the error,Bresenhams algorithm,Parallel Line algorithm,Circle Generating algorithm.

Unit-2:

• Three Dimensional Object Representations,Polygon Surfaces,Polygon Tables,Plane Equations,Polygon Meshes,
• Spline Representations,Interpolation and Approximation Splines,Parametric Continuity Conditions,Geometric Continuity Conditions,Coordinate Spaces,Converting From 3-D To 2-D.

Unit-3:

• Multimedia authoring and user interface,Design issues of multimedia authoring,File format and data compression issues,
• Design approaches to authoring,Types of multimedia authoring systems,Hypermedia application design considerations,
• Integration of applications,Common UI and application integration,Distributed data access,User interface design,Special metaphors for multimedia applications.

Unit-4:

• Components of a Multimedia System,Rt(Real Time) Multimedia Architecture,Storage Subsystem,Storage Devices,
• Impact of Application Requirements on Subsystems,Database,Network Subsystem,Network Components,Ethernet,Asynchronous Transfer Mode(ATM),.

Unit-5:

• v NTRODUCTION,Operating Systems,v THREADS,Process Management,OS/2 was designed as a time- sharing operating system.

## Foundation Engineering pdf Notes – FE pdf Notes file

Foundation Engineering pdf Notes – FE pdf Notes – FE pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Types of boring,Displacement borings,Wash boring,Planning For Subsurface Exploration,Fact finding and geological survey,
• Reconnaissance,Auger boring,Auger boring,Undisturbed samples,Requirement of good sampling process,Penetrometer Tests,Standard penetration test.

Unit-2:

• INTRODUCTION,DIFFERENT METHODS OF ANALYSIS,Rankine earth pressure,Determination of earth pressure coefficients,
• Inclined Ground,Limit Equilibrium,Limit Analysis,Method of Characteristics,Finite Element / Discrete Element Method. THEOREMS.

Unit-3:

• RETAINING WALL,Gravity walls,Semi Gravity Retaining Wall,Counterfort retaining wall,Flexible walls,Sheet Pile Walls,
• Cantilever sheet pile walls,Free cantilever sheet pile,Cantilever Sheet Pile Wall with Backfill,Anchored sheet pile walls,Free earth support piles,Fixed earth support piles.

Unit-4:

• Introduction,Different types of footings Fig,Flexural reinforcement,v Check for development length,
• Transfer of load at base of column,Determination of size of column,Determination of the size of the footing,Determination of design soil pressure,Flexural reinforcement.

Unit-5:

• DESIGN METHODOLOGY FOR PILES,REQUIREMENT FOR DEEP FOUNDATIONS,CLASSIFICATION OF PILES,POINTS TO BE CONSIDERED FOR CHOOSING PILES.

## Fluid Mechanics and Machinery pdf Notes – FMM pdf Notes file

Fluid Mechanics and Machinery pdf Notes – FMM pdf Notes – FMM pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Properties of fluid,fluid mechanics,fluid kinematics,fluid dynamics,density(or)mass density,
• specific weight(or)weight density,specific volume,specific gravity(or)relative density,vocsocity,
• kinematic viscocity,surface tension,cappilarity,expression for cappilary rise,kinematics of flow&ideal flow,lagrangian method,eulerian method.

Unit-2:

• Flow through circular conducts,flow through pipes,lamianr flow,turbulant flow,loss of energy in pipes,
• energy loses,major energy,minor energy,energy equation,frictional resistence,darcy formula,
• chezys formula,flow through parllel pipes,boundary layer flow,moody diagram,turbulant boundary layer.

Unit-3:

• Dimensional and model analysis,dimensional analysis,fundmental dimensions,secondary(or)derived quantities,
• dimensional homogeneity,methods of dimensional analysis,rayleighs theorm,buckinghams theorm,
• method of selecting repeating variables,model,prototype,similitude,geometric similarity,kinematic similarity,
• dynamic symilarity,types of forces in moving fluid,inertia force,viscous force,gravity force,pressure force,
• surface tension force,elastic force,dimensionless numbers,reynolds number,froueds number,eulers number,
• webers number,machs number,model laws,reynolds model law,froude model law,euler model law,
• weber model law,mach mode law,classification of models,undistorted models,distorted models,advantages of distorted models,
• scale ratios for distorted models,scale ratio for velocity.It is a mathematical technique used in reserch work for design and for conductiong model tests.

Unit-4:

• Boundary layer flow,boundary layer concept,displacement,momentum and energy thickness,
• von-karman momentum integral equation,laminar and turbulent boundary layer flows,drag on a flat plate,
• boundary layer separaration and control,streamlined and bulff bodies lift and drag on a cylinder and an airfoil,
• problems.Turbulent flow:shear stress in turbulent flow,prandtl mixing length hypothesis,hydraulically smooth and rough pipes,velocity distribution in pipes,friction coefficients for smooth and rough pipes.

Unit-5:

• cavitations and its effects,cavitation parameters,detection and prevention of cavitation,model testing of turbines,
• propeller pump,jet pump,airlift pump,gear pump,screw pump,vane pump,radial piston pump,submersible pump,
• pumb problems hydraulic accumulators,hydraulic intensifier,hydraulic lift,hydraulic crane,hydraulic couping,torque converter,hydraulic ram,

## Environmental Science and Engineering pdf Notes – ESE pdf Notes file

Environmental Science and Engineering pdf Notes – ESE pdf Notes – ESE pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• ENVIRONMENT, ECOSYSTEM AND BIODIVERSITY DEFINITION, SCOPE AND IMPORTANCE,ENVIRONMENT,
• SCOPE AND IMPORTANCE,Environment Components can be divided into biotic and abiotic components,
• Scope of environmental science,Public awareness,Reasons for environmental Ignorance,Need For Public Awareness,Methods to propagate environmental Awareness.

Unit-2:

• ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION,Introduction,Types of pollutants,Classification of Pollution,
• AIR POLLUTION,Sources of air pollution,Classification,Control Measures,Source control,Control measures in Industrial centers,
• WATER POLLUTION,Types, effects and sources of water pollution,Infectious agents,Sources,
• Oxygen demanding wastes,In organic Chemicals,Thermal pollution,Human source,Effects,Control measures of water pollution,SOIL POLLUTION,Industrial wastes,Urban wastes,Agricultural practices.

Unit-3:

• INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES AND NATURAL RESOURCES,
• DEFINITIONS,SCOPE,NEED FOR PUBLIC AWARENESS,NATURAL RESOURCES,FOREST RESOURCES,
• 1.5.1.1Commercial uses,Tropical Rain Forests,Tropical deciduous forests,Tropical scrub forests,Temperate rain forests,
• Temperate deciduous forests,Evergreen coniferous forests,Ecological uses,Production of Oxygen,
• Wild life habitat,Regulation of hydrological,over Exploitation of Forests,Deforestation,
• Causes of Deforestation,Consequences of deforestation,Effect on climate,Effect on biodiversity,Effect on resources.

Unit-4:

• SOCIAL ISSUES AND THE ENVIRONMENT,Sustainable development,True sustainable development,
• Dimensions of sustainable development,Aspects of sustainable development,Urban problems related to energy,
• WATER CONSERVATION,Need for water conservation,Strategies of water conservation,Methods of water conservation,
• Objectives of rain water harvesting,WATER SHED MANAGEMENT,RESETTLEMENT AND REHABILITATION OF PEOPLE,Causes,Rehabilitation issues,Case Studies,Environmental ethics,
• Environmental problems,Solutions,CLIMATE,Causes of climate change,Effect of climate change,Green house effect.

Unit-5:

• HUMAN POPULATION AND ENVIRONMENT,Population density,Parameters affecting population size,
• Population Growth,Causes of rapid population growth,Characteristics of population growth,Variation of population based on age structure,Population Explosion,
• FAMILY WELFARE PROGRAMME,FAMILY PLANNING PROGRAMME,ENVIRONMENT AND HUMAN HEALTH,
• HUMAN RIGHTS,VALUE EDUCATION,Education,Objectives,Types of values,HIV /AIDS,Origin of HIV/AIDS,
• Factors influencing modes of Transmission of HIV,Factors not influencing transmission of HIV,Functions of HIV in human body,Mechanism of Infection.

## Electromagnetic Theory pdf Notes – EMT pdf Notes file

#### Electromagnetic Theory pdf Notes – EMT pdf Notes – EMT pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Sources&effects of electromagnetic field,electromagnetic,field,types of field,magnetic field,electric field,
• engineering electromagnetics,scalar,vector,scalar field,vector field,scalar(or)dot product,vector(or)cross product,
• co-ordinate system,cartesian(or)rectungalar co-ordinate system,base vector,cylinder co-ordinate system.

Unit-2:

• Electrostatics,columbs law,vector form of coulombs law,electric field intensity,electric field due to point charges,
• electric field due to continuos charges,line charge,surface charge,volume charge,field due to line charge,
• surface charge(or)sheet charge,electric field intensity due to visuvilization point distrubution,gauss law,
• electric potential,
• equipotential surface,uniform field,non-uniform field,electric field conduction free space &dielectric,
• conduction current,convection current,dielectric constant and dielecric strength.

Unit-3:

• Magnetostatics,relation ship between B and H,surface current,volume current,maxwell equation in magnetic field,
• maxwell equation for static electromagnetic field,integral form,application of flux density and flux to co-axial cable,
• minor conductor,magnetic scalar vs vector potential,laplace equation for scalar magnetic potential,vector magnetic potential,
• poissons equation for magnetic field,inductance,induction of toroid,induction of a co-axial cable,magnetic forces.

Unit-4:

• Electrodynamic field,faradays law,lenz law,disadvantage of magnetic circuit,field theory and circuit theory,
• electric&magnetic circuits,maxwells equation,amper’s circuit law,faradays law,guass law for electric field,
• guass law for magnetic field,divergence theorm,maxwell’s equation for free space,integral form,maxwell’s equation for good conductor,
• maxwells equation for harmonically varying field,displacement current,forces and energy in quasi stationary electro magnetic field,boundary conditions for time varying field.

Unit-5:

• Electromagnetic waves,attenuation constant,phase constant,propogation constant,intrinsic impedence,
• EM wave in any general medium,em wave in free space, em wave in perfect dielectric,velocity,EM waves in lossy dielectrics,
• EM waves in good conductor,skin depth (or) depth of penetration,effect,poynting vector and poynting therom,
• waves are means of transeffering energy(or)information from source to destination.it is also a function of both time and space.
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## Transforms and Partial Differential Equations pdf Notes- TPDE pdf Notes file

Transforms and Partial Differential Equations pdf Notes – TPDE pdf Notes – TPDE pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please reTPDEr to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Partial Differential Equations,Formation of partial Differental equations by Eliination of arbitrary constants,
• Foration of PDE by Elimination of arbitary Constants Functions,taylor’s and maclaurin’s series,
• expansion by use of known series,expansion by forming a differential equation,asymptotes,curvater,
• radius of curvature for cartesian,parametric and polar curves,centre of curvature and chord of curvature,tracing of cartesian and polar curves.

Unit-2:

• Periodic Function,Fouries Series,Uses of Fouries Series,Dirichlet Condition,Even functon,odd function,
• Partial dirrentiation and its applications,functions of two or more variables partial derivatives
• total differential and differntiability,derivaties of composite and implict functions,change of variables.

Unit-3:

• Homogeneous functions,euler’s theorm,jacobian,taylors and maclaurin’s series for functions of two variables,
• errors and approximations,maxima-minima of functions of two variables,lagranges method of undetermined multipliers,differentiation under the integral sign,

Unit-4:

• Multiple integrals and their multiplications,double integral,change of order of integration double integral in polar coordinates,
• applications of double integral to find area enclosed by lane curves and volume of solids of revolution,
• triple integral,volume of solids,change of variables,beta and gamma functions and relatioship between them.

Unit-5:

• vector calculus:differential of vectors,scalar and vector point functions gradient of a scalar,field and directional derivative,
• divergence and curl of a vector field and their physical interpretations,del applied twice to point functions,
• integration of vectors,line integral,surface integral,volume integral,green’s,stoke’s and guass divergence theorms  and their simple applications.

## Mechanical Vibrations and Structural Dynamics pdf Notes – MVSD pdf Notes file

Mechanical Vibrations and Structural Dynamics pdf Notes – MVSD pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Introduction to Mechanical Vibrations,IMPORTANCE OF VIBRATIONS ,Modeling issues ,
• Linear superposition as a “working” principle,Review of kinematics and generalized coordinate descriptions,
• Review of energy and power expressions ,MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS AND STRUCTURAL DYNAMIC.

Unit-2:

• VIBRATION UNDER HARMONIC FORCING CONDITIONS,Newton’s second law and Euler’s equation,
• Conservation of energy (first law of thermodynamics) ,Lagrange’s equations of class II (holonomic form),
• Multiple degree-of-freedom (MDOF) systems ,Note that the symmetry in the mass, damping, and stiffness matrices has disappeared and the coordinates have become dynamically coupled as well as statically coupled.

Unit-3:

• VIBRATION UNDER GENERAL FORCING CONDITIONS,Continuous systems of second and fourth-order,
• These expressions can be used in conjunction with Hamilton’s principle to derive the EOMs,
• however, this technique will not be presented here because it requires a clear working knowledge of variational calculus, which is beyond the scope of this course.

Unit-4:

• TWO AND MULTI – DOF SYSTEM,Free response of single degree-of-freedom systems with viscous damping,
• Free response of single degree-of-freedom systems for arbitrary damping ,Free response of multiple degree-of-freedom systems,
• Principal coordinates and modal transformations,Boundary conditions and rigid body modes in semi-definite MDOF systems,
• Second order continuous systems and separation of variables ,Fourth order continuous systems and separation of variables.

Unit-5:

• CONTINUOUS SYSTEMS,Terminology – steady state and transient response ,Some review of time-frequency signal representation,
• Step response: A simple example of forced response analysis ,Harmonic response: relative amplitude and phase relationships .

## Transforms and Partial Differential Equations pdf Notes- TPDE pdf Notes file

Transforms and Partial Differential Equations pdf Notes – TPDE pdf Notes – TPDE pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please reTPDEr to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Partial Differential Equations,Formation of partial Differental equations by Eliination of arbitrary constants,
• Foration of PDE by Elimination of arbitary Constants Functions,taylor’s and maclaurin’s series,
• expansion by use of known series,expansion by forming a differential equation,asymptotes,curvater,
• radius of curvature for cartesian,parametric and polar curves,centre of curvature and chord of curvature,tracing of cartesian and polar curves.

Unit-2:

• Periodic Function,Fouries Series,Uses of Fouries Series,Dirichlet Condition,Even functon,odd function,
• Partial dirrentiation and its applications,functions of two or more variables partial derivatives
• total differential and differntiability,derivaties of composite and implict functions,change of variables.

Unit-3:

• Homogeneous functions,euler’s theorm,jacobian,taylors and maclaurin’s series for functions of two variables,
• errors and approximations,maxima-minima of functions of two variables,lagranges method of undetermined multipliers,differentiation under the integral sign,

Unit-4:

• Multiple integrals and their multiplications,double integral,change of order of integration double integral in polar coordinates,
• applications of double integral to find area enclosed by lane curves and volume of solids of revolution,
• triple integral,volume of solids,change of variables,beta and gamma functions and relatioship between them.

Unit-5:

• vector calculus:differential of vectors,scalar and vector point functions gradient of a scalar,field and directional derivative,
• divergence and curl of a vector field and their physical interpretations,del applied twice to point functions,
• integration of vectors,line integral,surface integral,volume integral,green’s,stoke’s and guass divergence theorms  and their simple applications.

## Mechanical Vibrations and Structural Dynamics pdf Notes – MVSD pdf Notes file

Mechanical Vibrations and Structural Dynamics pdf Notes – MVSD pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Introduction to Mechanical Vibrations,IMPORTANCE OF VIBRATIONS ,Modeling issues ,
• Linear superposition as a “working” principle,Review of kinematics and generalized coordinate descriptions,
• Review of energy and power expressions ,MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS AND STRUCTURAL DYNAMIC.

Unit-2:

• VIBRATION UNDER HARMONIC FORCING CONDITIONS,Newton’s second law and Euler’s equation,
• Conservation of energy (first law of thermodynamics) ,Lagrange’s equations of class II (holonomic form),
• Multiple degree-of-freedom (MDOF) systems ,Note that the symmetry in the mass, damping, and stiffness matrices has disappeared and the coordinates have become dynamically coupled as well as statically coupled.

Unit-3:

• VIBRATION UNDER GENERAL FORCING CONDITIONS,Continuous systems of second and fourth-order,
• These expressions can be used in conjunction with Hamilton’s principle to derive the EOMs,
• however, this technique will not be presented here because it requires a clear working knowledge of variational calculus, which is beyond the scope of this course.

Unit-4:

• TWO AND MULTI – DOF SYSTEM,Free response of single degree-of-freedom systems with viscous damping,
• Free response of single degree-of-freedom systems for arbitrary damping ,Free response of multiple degree-of-freedom systems,
• Principal coordinates and modal transformations,Boundary conditions and rigid body modes in semi-definite MDOF systems,
• Second order continuous systems and separation of variables ,Fourth order continuous systems and separation of variables.

Unit-5:

• CONTINUOUS SYSTEMS,Terminology – steady state and transient response ,Some review of time-frequency signal representation,
• Step response: A simple example of forced response analysis ,Harmonic response: relative amplitude and phase relationships .
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## Transforms and Partial Differential Equations pdf Notes- TPDE pdf Notes file

Transforms and Partial Differential Equations pdf Notes – TPDE pdf Notes – TPDE pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please reTPDEr to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Partial Differential Equations,Formation of partial Differental equations by Eliination of arbitrary constants,
• Foration of PDE by Elimination of arbitary Constants Functions,taylor’s and maclaurin’s series,
• expansion by use of known series,expansion by forming a differential equation,asymptotes,curvater,
• radius of curvature for cartesian,parametric and polar curves,centre of curvature and chord of curvature,tracing of cartesian and polar curves.

Unit-2:

• Periodic Function,Fouries Series,Uses of Fouries Series,Dirichlet Condition,Even functon,odd function,
• Partial dirrentiation and its applications,functions of two or more variables partial derivatives
• total differential and differntiability,derivaties of composite and implict functions,change of variables.

Unit-3:

• Homogeneous functions,euler’s theorm,jacobian,taylors and maclaurin’s series for functions of two variables,
• errors and approximations,maxima-minima of functions of two variables,lagranges method of undetermined multipliers,differentiation under the integral sign,

Unit-4:

• Multiple integrals and their multiplications,double integral,change of order of integration double integral in polar coordinates,
• applications of double integral to find area enclosed by lane curves and volume of solids of revolution,
• triple integral,volume of solids,change of variables,beta and gamma functions and relatioship between them.

Unit-5:

• vector calculus:differential of vectors,scalar and vector point functions gradient of a scalar,field and directional derivative,
• divergence and curl of a vector field and their physical interpretations,del applied twice to point functions,
• integration of vectors,line integral,surface integral,volume integral,green’s,stoke’s and guass divergence theorms  and their simple applications.

## Mechanical Vibrations and Structural Dynamics pdf Notes – MVSD pdf Notes file

Mechanical Vibrations and Structural Dynamics pdf Notes – MVSD pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Introduction to Mechanical Vibrations,IMPORTANCE OF VIBRATIONS ,Modeling issues ,
• Linear superposition as a “working” principle,Review of kinematics and generalized coordinate descriptions,
• Review of energy and power expressions ,MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS AND STRUCTURAL DYNAMIC.

Unit-2:

• VIBRATION UNDER HARMONIC FORCING CONDITIONS,Newton’s second law and Euler’s equation,
• Conservation of energy (first law of thermodynamics) ,Lagrange’s equations of class II (holonomic form),
• Multiple degree-of-freedom (MDOF) systems ,Note that the symmetry in the mass, damping, and stiffness matrices has disappeared and the coordinates have become dynamically coupled as well as statically coupled.

Unit-3:

• VIBRATION UNDER GENERAL FORCING CONDITIONS,Continuous systems of second and fourth-order,
• These expressions can be used in conjunction with Hamilton’s principle to derive the EOMs,
• however, this technique will not be presented here because it requires a clear working knowledge of variational calculus, which is beyond the scope of this course.

Unit-4:

• TWO AND MULTI – DOF SYSTEM,Free response of single degree-of-freedom systems with viscous damping,
• Free response of single degree-of-freedom systems for arbitrary damping ,Free response of multiple degree-of-freedom systems,
• Principal coordinates and modal transformations,Boundary conditions and rigid body modes in semi-definite MDOF systems,
• Second order continuous systems and separation of variables ,Fourth order continuous systems and separation of variables.

Unit-5:

• CONTINUOUS SYSTEMS,Terminology – steady state and transient response ,Some review of time-frequency signal representation,
• Step response: A simple example of forced response analysis ,Harmonic response: relative amplitude and phase relationships .

## Manufacturing Technology – I pdf Notes – MT – I pdf Notes file

Manufacturing Technology – I pdf Notes – MT – I pdf Notes – MT – I pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please reMT – Ir to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Sand Casting,Sand Mould,Types of Pattern,Pattern materials,Pattern Allowances,Types of pattern allowances,
• Shrinkage Allowance,Machining Allowance,Draft Allowance,Distortion Allowance,Rapping Allowance,
• Movlding Sand,Properties of Moulding Sand.

Unit-2:

• Joining Processes,Classification of Welding Process,Fusion Welding,Plastic Welding,Gas Welding Technique,
• oxy-Acetylene Welding,air-Acetylene Welding,oxy-Hydrogen Welding,Flame Characteristics,Resistance Welding,
• Various types of resrstance welding,Plasma Arc-welding,Thermit Welding,Electron Beam Welding,Laser Beam Welding,Friction Welding,Friction Stir Welding,Brazing Methods.

Unit-3:

• Metal Forming Processes,Hot working and cold working of methods,Hot working of methods,Types of Hot Working,
• Hot forging,Hot Rolling,Hot Extrusion,Drawing,Cold working,Classification of cold working process,Meterials used for cold working process,
• Forging Processes,Classification of forging,Closed die (or) impression forging,Types of forging machines.

Unit-4:

• Sheet Metal Processes,Sheet metal Characteristics,Bending,Types of Bending Operations,Drawing,

Unit-5:

• Manifacture of Plastic Components,Characteristics of Plastics,Types of Plastics,Thermosetting Plastics,
• Thermosetting,screw type injection molding,Limitations,Blow Moulding,Rotational molding.

## Internet Programming pdf Notes – IP pdf Notes file

Internet Programming pdf Notes – IP pdf Notes – IP pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Introduction to java,Objects in Java,Classes in Java,Local variables,Instance variables,Class variables,
• Constructors,Creating an Object,Accessing Instance Variables and Methods,Source file declaration rules,
• Java Package,Import statements,Control Statements.

Unit-2:

• Understanding Internet Basics,Internet Clients and Servers,Internet vs. Intranet,HTML Pages,HTML Page and Source HTML,
• HTML Tags and Attributes,Web page,Web site,Web Server,Search EngineHTML Basics,Objectives.

Unit-3:

• Introduction to JavaScript,How is JavaScript constructed,Creating a regular expression,Writing a regular expression pattern,
• Using simple patterns,Using special characters,Working with regular expressions,Using parentheses Advanced searching with flags.

Unit-4:

• Naming and Creating a Variable in PHP,Assigning a Value to a PHP Variable,Accessing PHP Variable Values,
• Internal (built-in) functions,PHP User Defined Functions,Create a User Defined Function in PHP,PHP Function Arguments,PHP Default Argument Value.

Unit-5:

• Naming and Creating a Variable in PHP,Assigning a Value to a PHP Variable,Accessing PHP Variable Values,
• Internal (built-in) functions,PHP User Defined Functions,Connecting to a Database,Should I Use MySQLi or PDO,MySQLi Installation,PDO Installation,Open a Connection to MySQL,PHP Create/Retrieve a Cookie.

## Grid and Cloud Computing pdf Notes – GCC pdf Notes file

Grid and Cloud Computing pdf Notes – GCC pdf Notes – GCC pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Evolutionary Trend,MPP-Maariv parallel Processors,High Performance Computing (HPC),High Throughtput Computing (HTC),
• Computing Paradigms,Centralized Computing,Parallel Computing,Distributed Computing,Autonomous Computers,Cloud Computing.

Unit-2:

• Open Grid Service Architecture (OGSA),Physical and Logical Resources layer,Web Services Layers,
• OGSA Architected Services Layer,Grid Core Services,Service Management,Service Communication,Policy Services,
• Security Services,Application Layer,Open Gird Services infrastructure,Data Intensive Grid Service Models.

Unit-3:

• Cloud Deployment Models,Cloud Computing,Private Cloud,Data Center Networking,Cloud Design Objectives,
• Cloud Service Models of different Serives Levels,Infrastracture as a Service (IAAS),Platfrom as a Service,
• Software as a Service(SAAS),Implementation Levels of Virtualization,Code Interpretation.

Unit-4:

• Globus Toolkit Architecture,GT4 Library,Globus Job Workflow,Client-Globus Interactions,MapReduce Model in detail,
• Introducing Hadoop,Map & Reduce function,HDFS Concepts in detail,Namenodes and Datanodes,
• HDFS Federation,HDFS High-Availability,Failover and fencing,Anatomy of a File Read,Anatomy of a File write,Ingest the URLs and their associated metadata,
• Normalize the URLs,Eliminate duplicate URLs,Filter the URLs against a set of exclusion and inclusion filters.

## Graphics and Multimedia pdf Notes – GM pdf Notes file

Graphics and Multimedia pdf Notes – GM pdf Notes – GM pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Introduction,Computer hardware,Computer Software,Line Drawing algorithm,DDA Algorithm (Digital differential analyzer),
• DDA Line Algorithm,Advantages,Disadvantages,Bresenham’s Line Algorithm,decision variable or the error,Bresenhams algorithm,Parallel Line algorithm,Circle Generating algorithm.

Unit-2:

• Three Dimensional Object Representations,Polygon Surfaces,Polygon Tables,Plane Equations,Polygon Meshes,
• Spline Representations,Interpolation and Approximation Splines,Parametric Continuity Conditions,Geometric Continuity Conditions,Coordinate Spaces,Converting From 3-D To 2-D.

Unit-3:

• Multimedia authoring and user interface,Design issues of multimedia authoring,File format and data compression issues,
• Design approaches to authoring,Types of multimedia authoring systems,Hypermedia application design considerations,
• Integration of applications,Common UI and application integration,Distributed data access,User interface design,Special metaphors for multimedia applications.

Unit-4:

• Components of a Multimedia System,Rt(Real Time) Multimedia Architecture,Storage Subsystem,Storage Devices,
• Impact of Application Requirements on Subsystems,Database,Network Subsystem,Network Components,Ethernet,Asynchronous Transfer Mode(ATM),.

Unit-5:

• v NTRODUCTION,Operating Systems,v THREADS,Process Management,OS/2 was designed as a time- sharing operating system.

## Foundation Engineering pdf Notes – FE pdf Notes file

Foundation Engineering pdf Notes – FE pdf Notes – FE pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Types of boring,Displacement borings,Wash boring,Planning For Subsurface Exploration,Fact finding and geological survey,
• Reconnaissance,Auger boring,Auger boring,Undisturbed samples,Requirement of good sampling process,Penetrometer Tests,Standard penetration test.

Unit-2:

• INTRODUCTION,DIFFERENT METHODS OF ANALYSIS,Rankine earth pressure,Determination of earth pressure coefficients,
• Inclined Ground,Limit Equilibrium,Limit Analysis,Method of Characteristics,Finite Element / Discrete Element Method. THEOREMS.

Unit-3:

• RETAINING WALL,Gravity walls,Semi Gravity Retaining Wall,Counterfort retaining wall,Flexible walls,Sheet Pile Walls,
• Cantilever sheet pile walls,Free cantilever sheet pile,Cantilever Sheet Pile Wall with Backfill,Anchored sheet pile walls,Free earth support piles,Fixed earth support piles.

Unit-4:

• Introduction,Different types of footings Fig,Flexural reinforcement,v Check for development length,
• Transfer of load at base of column,Determination of size of column,Determination of the size of the footing,Determination of design soil pressure,Flexural reinforcement.

Unit-5:

• DESIGN METHODOLOGY FOR PILES,REQUIREMENT FOR DEEP FOUNDATIONS,CLASSIFICATION OF PILES,POINTS TO BE CONSIDERED FOR CHOOSING PILES.

## Fluid Mechanics and Machinery pdf Notes – FMM pdf Notes file

Fluid Mechanics and Machinery pdf Notes – FMM pdf Notes – FMM pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Properties of fluid,fluid mechanics,fluid kinematics,fluid dynamics,density(or)mass density,
• specific weight(or)weight density,specific volume,specific gravity(or)relative density,vocsocity,
• kinematic viscocity,surface tension,cappilarity,expression for cappilary rise,kinematics of flow&ideal flow,lagrangian method,eulerian method.

Unit-2:

• Flow through circular conducts,flow through pipes,lamianr flow,turbulant flow,loss of energy in pipes,
• energy loses,major energy,minor energy,energy equation,frictional resistence,darcy formula,
• chezys formula,flow through parllel pipes,boundary layer flow,moody diagram,turbulant boundary layer.

Unit-3:

• Dimensional and model analysis,dimensional analysis,fundmental dimensions,secondary(or)derived quantities,
• dimensional homogeneity,methods of dimensional analysis,rayleighs theorm,buckinghams theorm,
• method of selecting repeating variables,model,prototype,similitude,geometric similarity,kinematic similarity,
• dynamic symilarity,types of forces in moving fluid,inertia force,viscous force,gravity force,pressure force,
• surface tension force,elastic force,dimensionless numbers,reynolds number,froueds number,eulers number,
• webers number,machs number,model laws,reynolds model law,froude model law,euler model law,
• weber model law,mach mode law,classification of models,undistorted models,distorted models,advantages of distorted models,
• scale ratios for distorted models,scale ratio for velocity.It is a mathematical technique used in reserch work for design and for conductiong model tests.

Unit-4:

• Boundary layer flow,boundary layer concept,displacement,momentum and energy thickness,
• von-karman momentum integral equation,laminar and turbulent boundary layer flows,drag on a flat plate,
• boundary layer separaration and control,streamlined and bulff bodies lift and drag on a cylinder and an airfoil,
• problems.Turbulent flow:shear stress in turbulent flow,prandtl mixing length hypothesis,hydraulically smooth and rough pipes,velocity distribution in pipes,friction coefficients for smooth and rough pipes.

Unit-5:

• cavitations and its effects,cavitation parameters,detection and prevention of cavitation,model testing of turbines,
• propeller pump,jet pump,airlift pump,gear pump,screw pump,vane pump,radial piston pump,submersible pump,
• pumb problems hydraulic accumulators,hydraulic intensifier,hydraulic lift,hydraulic crane,hydraulic couping,torque converter,hydraulic ram,

## Environmental Science and Engineering pdf Notes – ESE pdf Notes file

Environmental Science and Engineering pdf Notes – ESE pdf Notes – ESE pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• ENVIRONMENT, ECOSYSTEM AND BIODIVERSITY DEFINITION, SCOPE AND IMPORTANCE,ENVIRONMENT,
• SCOPE AND IMPORTANCE,Environment Components can be divided into biotic and abiotic components,
• Scope of environmental science,Public awareness,Reasons for environmental Ignorance,Need For Public Awareness,Methods to propagate environmental Awareness.

Unit-2:

• ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION,Introduction,Types of pollutants,Classification of Pollution,
• AIR POLLUTION,Sources of air pollution,Classification,Control Measures,Source control,Control measures in Industrial centers,
• WATER POLLUTION,Types, effects and sources of water pollution,Infectious agents,Sources,
• Oxygen demanding wastes,In organic Chemicals,Thermal pollution,Human source,Effects,Control measures of water pollution,SOIL POLLUTION,Industrial wastes,Urban wastes,Agricultural practices.

Unit-3:

• INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES AND NATURAL RESOURCES,
• DEFINITIONS,SCOPE,NEED FOR PUBLIC AWARENESS,NATURAL RESOURCES,FOREST RESOURCES,
• 1.5.1.1Commercial uses,Tropical Rain Forests,Tropical deciduous forests,Tropical scrub forests,Temperate rain forests,
• Temperate deciduous forests,Evergreen coniferous forests,Ecological uses,Production of Oxygen,
• Wild life habitat,Regulation of hydrological,over Exploitation of Forests,Deforestation,
• Causes of Deforestation,Consequences of deforestation,Effect on climate,Effect on biodiversity,Effect on resources.

Unit-4:

• SOCIAL ISSUES AND THE ENVIRONMENT,Sustainable development,True sustainable development,
• Dimensions of sustainable development,Aspects of sustainable development,Urban problems related to energy,
• WATER CONSERVATION,Need for water conservation,Strategies of water conservation,Methods of water conservation,
• Objectives of rain water harvesting,WATER SHED MANAGEMENT,RESETTLEMENT AND REHABILITATION OF PEOPLE,Causes,Rehabilitation issues,Case Studies,Environmental ethics,
• Environmental problems,Solutions,CLIMATE,Causes of climate change,Effect of climate change,Green house effect.

Unit-5:

• HUMAN POPULATION AND ENVIRONMENT,Population density,Parameters affecting population size,
• Population Growth,Causes of rapid population growth,Characteristics of population growth,Variation of population based on age structure,Population Explosion,
• FAMILY WELFARE PROGRAMME,FAMILY PLANNING PROGRAMME,ENVIRONMENT AND HUMAN HEALTH,
• HUMAN RIGHTS,VALUE EDUCATION,Education,Objectives,Types of values,HIV /AIDS,Origin of HIV/AIDS,
• Factors influencing modes of Transmission of HIV,Factors not influencing transmission of HIV,Functions of HIV in human body,Mechanism of Infection.

## Electromagnetic Theory pdf Notes – EMT pdf Notes file

#### Electromagnetic Theory pdf Notes – EMT pdf Notes – EMT pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Sources&effects of electromagnetic field,electromagnetic,field,types of field,magnetic field,electric field,
• engineering electromagnetics,scalar,vector,scalar field,vector field,scalar(or)dot product,vector(or)cross product,
• co-ordinate system,cartesian(or)rectungalar co-ordinate system,base vector,cylinder co-ordinate system.

Unit-2:

• Electrostatics,columbs law,vector form of coulombs law,electric field intensity,electric field due to point charges,
• electric field due to continuos charges,line charge,surface charge,volume charge,field due to line charge,
• surface charge(or)sheet charge,electric field intensity due to visuvilization point distrubution,gauss law,
• electric potential,
• equipotential surface,uniform field,non-uniform field,electric field conduction free space &dielectric,
• conduction current,convection current,dielectric constant and dielecric strength.

Unit-3:

• Magnetostatics,relation ship between B and H,surface current,volume current,maxwell equation in magnetic field,
• maxwell equation for static electromagnetic field,integral form,application of flux density and flux to co-axial cable,
• minor conductor,magnetic scalar vs vector potential,laplace equation for scalar magnetic potential,vector magnetic potential,
• poissons equation for magnetic field,inductance,induction of toroid,induction of a co-axial cable,magnetic forces.

Unit-4:

• Electrodynamic field,faradays law,lenz law,disadvantage of magnetic circuit,field theory and circuit theory,
• electric&magnetic circuits,maxwells equation,amper’s circuit law,faradays law,guass law for electric field,
• guass law for magnetic field,divergence theorm,maxwell’s equation for free space,integral form,maxwell’s equation for good conductor,
• maxwells equation for harmonically varying field,displacement current,forces and energy in quasi stationary electro magnetic field,boundary conditions for time varying field.

Unit-5:

• Electromagnetic waves,attenuation constant,phase constant,propogation constant,intrinsic impedence,
• EM wave in any general medium,em wave in free space, em wave in perfect dielectric,velocity,EM waves in lossy dielectrics,
• EM waves in good conductor,skin depth (or) depth of penetration,effect,poynting vector and poynting therom,
• waves are means of transeffering energy(or)information from source to destination.it is also a function of both time and space.

## Transforms and Partial Differential Equations pdf Notes- TPDE pdf Notes file

Transforms and Partial Differential Equations pdf Notes – TPDE pdf Notes – TPDE pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please reTPDEr to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Partial Differential Equations,Formation of partial Differental equations by Eliination of arbitrary constants,
• Foration of PDE by Elimination of arbitary Constants Functions,taylor’s and maclaurin’s series,
• expansion by use of known series,expansion by forming a differential equation,asymptotes,curvater,
• radius of curvature for cartesian,parametric and polar curves,centre of curvature and chord of curvature,tracing of cartesian and polar curves.

Unit-2:

• Periodic Function,Fouries Series,Uses of Fouries Series,Dirichlet Condition,Even functon,odd function,
• Partial dirrentiation and its applications,functions of two or more variables partial derivatives
• total differential and differntiability,derivaties of composite and implict functions,change of variables.

Unit-3:

• Homogeneous functions,euler’s theorm,jacobian,taylors and maclaurin’s series for functions of two variables,
• errors and approximations,maxima-minima of functions of two variables,lagranges method of undetermined multipliers,differentiation under the integral sign,

Unit-4:

• Multiple integrals and their multiplications,double integral,change of order of integration double integral in polar coordinates,
• applications of double integral to find area enclosed by lane curves and volume of solids of revolution,
• triple integral,volume of solids,change of variables,beta and gamma functions and relatioship between them.

Unit-5:

• vector calculus:differential of vectors,scalar and vector point functions gradient of a scalar,field and directional derivative,
• divergence and curl of a vector field and their physical interpretations,del applied twice to point functions,
• integration of vectors,line integral,surface integral,volume integral,green’s,stoke’s and guass divergence theorms  and their simple applications.

## Mechanical Vibrations and Structural Dynamics pdf Notes – MVSD pdf Notes file

Mechanical Vibrations and Structural Dynamics pdf Notes – MVSD pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Introduction to Mechanical Vibrations,IMPORTANCE OF VIBRATIONS ,Modeling issues ,
• Linear superposition as a “working” principle,Review of kinematics and generalized coordinate descriptions,
• Review of energy and power expressions ,MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS AND STRUCTURAL DYNAMIC.

Unit-2:

• VIBRATION UNDER HARMONIC FORCING CONDITIONS,Newton’s second law and Euler’s equation,
• Conservation of energy (first law of thermodynamics) ,Lagrange’s equations of class II (holonomic form),
• Multiple degree-of-freedom (MDOF) systems ,Note that the symmetry in the mass, damping, and stiffness matrices has disappeared and the coordinates have become dynamically coupled as well as statically coupled.

Unit-3:

• VIBRATION UNDER GENERAL FORCING CONDITIONS,Continuous systems of second and fourth-order,
• These expressions can be used in conjunction with Hamilton’s principle to derive the EOMs,
• however, this technique will not be presented here because it requires a clear working knowledge of variational calculus, which is beyond the scope of this course.

Unit-4:

• TWO AND MULTI – DOF SYSTEM,Free response of single degree-of-freedom systems with viscous damping,
• Free response of single degree-of-freedom systems for arbitrary damping ,Free response of multiple degree-of-freedom systems,
• Principal coordinates and modal transformations,Boundary conditions and rigid body modes in semi-definite MDOF systems,
• Second order continuous systems and separation of variables ,Fourth order continuous systems and separation of variables.

Unit-5:

• CONTINUOUS SYSTEMS,Terminology – steady state and transient response ,Some review of time-frequency signal representation,
• Step response: A simple example of forced response analysis ,Harmonic response: relative amplitude and phase relationships .

## Manufacturing Technology – I pdf Notes – MT – I pdf Notes file

Manufacturing Technology – I pdf Notes – MT – I pdf Notes – MT – I pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please reMT – Ir to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Sand Casting,Sand Mould,Types of Pattern,Pattern materials,Pattern Allowances,Types of pattern allowances,
• Shrinkage Allowance,Machining Allowance,Draft Allowance,Distortion Allowance,Rapping Allowance,
• Movlding Sand,Properties of Moulding Sand.

Unit-2:

• Joining Processes,Classification of Welding Process,Fusion Welding,Plastic Welding,Gas Welding Technique,
• oxy-Acetylene Welding,air-Acetylene Welding,oxy-Hydrogen Welding,Flame Characteristics,Resistance Welding,
• Various types of resrstance welding,Plasma Arc-welding,Thermit Welding,Electron Beam Welding,Laser Beam Welding,Friction Welding,Friction Stir Welding,Brazing Methods.

Unit-3:

• Metal Forming Processes,Hot working and cold working of methods,Hot working of methods,Types of Hot Working,
• Hot forging,Hot Rolling,Hot Extrusion,Drawing,Cold working,Classification of cold working process,Meterials used for cold working process,
• Forging Processes,Classification of forging,Closed die (or) impression forging,Types of forging machines.

Unit-4:

• Sheet Metal Processes,Sheet metal Characteristics,Bending,Types of Bending Operations,Drawing,

Unit-5:

• Manifacture of Plastic Components,Characteristics of Plastics,Types of Plastics,Thermosetting Plastics,
• Thermosetting,screw type injection molding,Limitations,Blow Moulding,Rotational molding.

## Internet Programming pdf Notes – IP pdf Notes file

Internet Programming pdf Notes – IP pdf Notes – IP pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Introduction to java,Objects in Java,Classes in Java,Local variables,Instance variables,Class variables,
• Constructors,Creating an Object,Accessing Instance Variables and Methods,Source file declaration rules,
• Java Package,Import statements,Control Statements.

Unit-2:

• Understanding Internet Basics,Internet Clients and Servers,Internet vs. Intranet,HTML Pages,HTML Page and Source HTML,
• HTML Tags and Attributes,Web page,Web site,Web Server,Search EngineHTML Basics,Objectives.

Unit-3:

• Introduction to JavaScript,How is JavaScript constructed,Creating a regular expression,Writing a regular expression pattern,
• Using simple patterns,Using special characters,Working with regular expressions,Using parentheses Advanced searching with flags.

Unit-4:

• Naming and Creating a Variable in PHP,Assigning a Value to a PHP Variable,Accessing PHP Variable Values,
• Internal (built-in) functions,PHP User Defined Functions,Create a User Defined Function in PHP,PHP Function Arguments,PHP Default Argument Value.

Unit-5:

• Naming and Creating a Variable in PHP,Assigning a Value to a PHP Variable,Accessing PHP Variable Values,
• Internal (built-in) functions,PHP User Defined Functions,Connecting to a Database,Should I Use MySQLi or PDO,MySQLi Installation,PDO Installation,Open a Connection to MySQL,PHP Create/Retrieve a Cookie.

## Grid and Cloud Computing pdf Notes – GCC pdf Notes file

Grid and Cloud Computing pdf Notes – GCC pdf Notes – GCC pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Evolutionary Trend,MPP-Maariv parallel Processors,High Performance Computing (HPC),High Throughtput Computing (HTC),
• Computing Paradigms,Centralized Computing,Parallel Computing,Distributed Computing,Autonomous Computers,Cloud Computing.

Unit-2:

• Open Grid Service Architecture (OGSA),Physical and Logical Resources layer,Web Services Layers,
• OGSA Architected Services Layer,Grid Core Services,Service Management,Service Communication,Policy Services,
• Security Services,Application Layer,Open Gird Services infrastructure,Data Intensive Grid Service Models.

Unit-3:

• Cloud Deployment Models,Cloud Computing,Private Cloud,Data Center Networking,Cloud Design Objectives,
• Cloud Service Models of different Serives Levels,Infrastracture as a Service (IAAS),Platfrom as a Service,
• Software as a Service(SAAS),Implementation Levels of Virtualization,Code Interpretation.

Unit-4:

• Globus Toolkit Architecture,GT4 Library,Globus Job Workflow,Client-Globus Interactions,MapReduce Model in detail,
• Introducing Hadoop,Map & Reduce function,HDFS Concepts in detail,Namenodes and Datanodes,
• HDFS Federation,HDFS High-Availability,Failover and fencing,Anatomy of a File Read,Anatomy of a File write,Ingest the URLs and their associated metadata,
• Normalize the URLs,Eliminate duplicate URLs,Filter the URLs against a set of exclusion and inclusion filters.

## Graphics and Multimedia pdf Notes – GM pdf Notes file

Graphics and Multimedia pdf Notes – GM pdf Notes – GM pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Introduction,Computer hardware,Computer Software,Line Drawing algorithm,DDA Algorithm (Digital differential analyzer),
• DDA Line Algorithm,Advantages,Disadvantages,Bresenham’s Line Algorithm,decision variable or the error,Bresenhams algorithm,Parallel Line algorithm,Circle Generating algorithm.

Unit-2:

• Three Dimensional Object Representations,Polygon Surfaces,Polygon Tables,Plane Equations,Polygon Meshes,
• Spline Representations,Interpolation and Approximation Splines,Parametric Continuity Conditions,Geometric Continuity Conditions,Coordinate Spaces,Converting From 3-D To 2-D.

Unit-3:

• Multimedia authoring and user interface,Design issues of multimedia authoring,File format and data compression issues,
• Design approaches to authoring,Types of multimedia authoring systems,Hypermedia application design considerations,
• Integration of applications,Common UI and application integration,Distributed data access,User interface design,Special metaphors for multimedia applications.

Unit-4:

• Components of a Multimedia System,Rt(Real Time) Multimedia Architecture,Storage Subsystem,Storage Devices,
• Impact of Application Requirements on Subsystems,Database,Network Subsystem,Network Components,Ethernet,Asynchronous Transfer Mode(ATM),.

Unit-5:

• v NTRODUCTION,Operating Systems,v THREADS,Process Management,OS/2 was designed as a time- sharing operating system.

## Foundation Engineering pdf Notes – FE pdf Notes file

Foundation Engineering pdf Notes – FE pdf Notes – FE pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Types of boring,Displacement borings,Wash boring,Planning For Subsurface Exploration,Fact finding and geological survey,
• Reconnaissance,Auger boring,Auger boring,Undisturbed samples,Requirement of good sampling process,Penetrometer Tests,Standard penetration test.

Unit-2:

• INTRODUCTION,DIFFERENT METHODS OF ANALYSIS,Rankine earth pressure,Determination of earth pressure coefficients,
• Inclined Ground,Limit Equilibrium,Limit Analysis,Method of Characteristics,Finite Element / Discrete Element Method. THEOREMS.

Unit-3:

• RETAINING WALL,Gravity walls,Semi Gravity Retaining Wall,Counterfort retaining wall,Flexible walls,Sheet Pile Walls,
• Cantilever sheet pile walls,Free cantilever sheet pile,Cantilever Sheet Pile Wall with Backfill,Anchored sheet pile walls,Free earth support piles,Fixed earth support piles.

Unit-4:

• Introduction,Different types of footings Fig,Flexural reinforcement,v Check for development length,
• Transfer of load at base of column,Determination of size of column,Determination of the size of the footing,Determination of design soil pressure,Flexural reinforcement.

Unit-5:

• DESIGN METHODOLOGY FOR PILES,REQUIREMENT FOR DEEP FOUNDATIONS,CLASSIFICATION OF PILES,POINTS TO BE CONSIDERED FOR CHOOSING PILES.

## Fluid Mechanics and Machinery pdf Notes – FMM pdf Notes file

Fluid Mechanics and Machinery pdf Notes – FMM pdf Notes – FMM pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Properties of fluid,fluid mechanics,fluid kinematics,fluid dynamics,density(or)mass density,
• specific weight(or)weight density,specific volume,specific gravity(or)relative density,vocsocity,
• kinematic viscocity,surface tension,cappilarity,expression for cappilary rise,kinematics of flow&ideal flow,lagrangian method,eulerian method.

Unit-2:

• Flow through circular conducts,flow through pipes,lamianr flow,turbulant flow,loss of energy in pipes,
• energy loses,major energy,minor energy,energy equation,frictional resistence,darcy formula,
• chezys formula,flow through parllel pipes,boundary layer flow,moody diagram,turbulant boundary layer.

Unit-3:

• Dimensional and model analysis,dimensional analysis,fundmental dimensions,secondary(or)derived quantities,
• dimensional homogeneity,methods of dimensional analysis,rayleighs theorm,buckinghams theorm,
• method of selecting repeating variables,model,prototype,similitude,geometric similarity,kinematic similarity,
• dynamic symilarity,types of forces in moving fluid,inertia force,viscous force,gravity force,pressure force,
• surface tension force,elastic force,dimensionless numbers,reynolds number,froueds number,eulers number,
• webers number,machs number,model laws,reynolds model law,froude model law,euler model law,
• weber model law,mach mode law,classification of models,undistorted models,distorted models,advantages of distorted models,
• scale ratios for distorted models,scale ratio for velocity.It is a mathematical technique used in reserch work for design and for conductiong model tests.

Unit-4:

• Boundary layer flow,boundary layer concept,displacement,momentum and energy thickness,
• von-karman momentum integral equation,laminar and turbulent boundary layer flows,drag on a flat plate,
• boundary layer separaration and control,streamlined and bulff bodies lift and drag on a cylinder and an airfoil,
• problems.Turbulent flow:shear stress in turbulent flow,prandtl mixing length hypothesis,hydraulically smooth and rough pipes,velocity distribution in pipes,friction coefficients for smooth and rough pipes.

Unit-5:

• cavitations and its effects,cavitation parameters,detection and prevention of cavitation,model testing of turbines,
• propeller pump,jet pump,airlift pump,gear pump,screw pump,vane pump,radial piston pump,submersible pump,
• pumb problems hydraulic accumulators,hydraulic intensifier,hydraulic lift,hydraulic crane,hydraulic couping,torque converter,hydraulic ram,

## Environmental Science and Engineering pdf Notes – ESE pdf Notes file

Environmental Science and Engineering pdf Notes – ESE pdf Notes – ESE pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• ENVIRONMENT, ECOSYSTEM AND BIODIVERSITY DEFINITION, SCOPE AND IMPORTANCE,ENVIRONMENT,
• SCOPE AND IMPORTANCE,Environment Components can be divided into biotic and abiotic components,
• Scope of environmental science,Public awareness,Reasons for environmental Ignorance,Need For Public Awareness,Methods to propagate environmental Awareness.

Unit-2:

• ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION,Introduction,Types of pollutants,Classification of Pollution,
• AIR POLLUTION,Sources of air pollution,Classification,Control Measures,Source control,Control measures in Industrial centers,
• WATER POLLUTION,Types, effects and sources of water pollution,Infectious agents,Sources,
• Oxygen demanding wastes,In organic Chemicals,Thermal pollution,Human source,Effects,Control measures of water pollution,SOIL POLLUTION,Industrial wastes,Urban wastes,Agricultural practices.

Unit-3:

• INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES AND NATURAL RESOURCES,
• DEFINITIONS,SCOPE,NEED FOR PUBLIC AWARENESS,NATURAL RESOURCES,FOREST RESOURCES,
• 1.5.1.1Commercial uses,Tropical Rain Forests,Tropical deciduous forests,Tropical scrub forests,Temperate rain forests,
• Temperate deciduous forests,Evergreen coniferous forests,Ecological uses,Production of Oxygen,
• Wild life habitat,Regulation of hydrological,over Exploitation of Forests,Deforestation,
• Causes of Deforestation,Consequences of deforestation,Effect on climate,Effect on biodiversity,Effect on resources.

Unit-4:

• SOCIAL ISSUES AND THE ENVIRONMENT,Sustainable development,True sustainable development,
• Dimensions of sustainable development,Aspects of sustainable development,Urban problems related to energy,
• WATER CONSERVATION,Need for water conservation,Strategies of water conservation,Methods of water conservation,
• Objectives of rain water harvesting,WATER SHED MANAGEMENT,RESETTLEMENT AND REHABILITATION OF PEOPLE,Causes,Rehabilitation issues,Case Studies,Environmental ethics,
• Environmental problems,Solutions,CLIMATE,Causes of climate change,Effect of climate change,Green house effect.

Unit-5:

• HUMAN POPULATION AND ENVIRONMENT,Population density,Parameters affecting population size,
• Population Growth,Causes of rapid population growth,Characteristics of population growth,Variation of population based on age structure,Population Explosion,
• FAMILY WELFARE PROGRAMME,FAMILY PLANNING PROGRAMME,ENVIRONMENT AND HUMAN HEALTH,
• HUMAN RIGHTS,VALUE EDUCATION,Education,Objectives,Types of values,HIV /AIDS,Origin of HIV/AIDS,
• Factors influencing modes of Transmission of HIV,Factors not influencing transmission of HIV,Functions of HIV in human body,Mechanism of Infection.

## Electromagnetic Theory pdf Notes – EMT pdf Notes file

#### Electromagnetic Theory pdf Notes – EMT pdf Notes – EMT pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Sources&effects of electromagnetic field,electromagnetic,field,types of field,magnetic field,electric field,
• engineering electromagnetics,scalar,vector,scalar field,vector field,scalar(or)dot product,vector(or)cross product,
• co-ordinate system,cartesian(or)rectungalar co-ordinate system,base vector,cylinder co-ordinate system.

Unit-2:

• Electrostatics,columbs law,vector form of coulombs law,electric field intensity,electric field due to point charges,
• electric field due to continuos charges,line charge,surface charge,volume charge,field due to line charge,
• surface charge(or)sheet charge,electric field intensity due to visuvilization point distrubution,gauss law,
• electric potential,
• equipotential surface,uniform field,non-uniform field,electric field conduction free space &dielectric,
• conduction current,convection current,dielectric constant and dielecric strength.

Unit-3:

• Magnetostatics,relation ship between B and H,surface current,volume current,maxwell equation in magnetic field,
• maxwell equation for static electromagnetic field,integral form,application of flux density and flux to co-axial cable,
• minor conductor,magnetic scalar vs vector potential,laplace equation for scalar magnetic potential,vector magnetic potential,
• poissons equation for magnetic field,inductance,induction of toroid,induction of a co-axial cable,magnetic forces.

Unit-4:

• Electrodynamic field,faradays law,lenz law,disadvantage of magnetic circuit,field theory and circuit theory,
• electric&magnetic circuits,maxwells equation,amper’s circuit law,faradays law,guass law for electric field,
• guass law for magnetic field,divergence theorm,maxwell’s equation for free space,integral form,maxwell’s equation for good conductor,
• maxwells equation for harmonically varying field,displacement current,forces and energy in quasi stationary electro magnetic field,boundary conditions for time varying field.

Unit-5:

• Electromagnetic waves,attenuation constant,phase constant,propogation constant,intrinsic impedence,
• EM wave in any general medium,em wave in free space, em wave in perfect dielectric,velocity,EM waves in lossy dielectrics,
• EM waves in good conductor,skin depth (or) depth of penetration,effect,poynting vector and poynting therom,
• waves are means of transeffering energy(or)information from source to destination.it is also a function of both time and space.

## Transforms and Partial Differential Equations pdf Notes- TPDE pdf Notes file

Transforms and Partial Differential Equations pdf Notes – TPDE pdf Notes – TPDE pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please reTPDEr to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Partial Differential Equations,Formation of partial Differental equations by Eliination of arbitrary constants,
• Foration of PDE by Elimination of arbitary Constants Functions,taylor’s and maclaurin’s series,
• expansion by use of known series,expansion by forming a differential equation,asymptotes,curvater,
• radius of curvature for cartesian,parametric and polar curves,centre of curvature and chord of curvature,tracing of cartesian and polar curves.

Unit-2:

• Periodic Function,Fouries Series,Uses of Fouries Series,Dirichlet Condition,Even functon,odd function,
• Partial dirrentiation and its applications,functions of two or more variables partial derivatives
• total differential and differntiability,derivaties of composite and implict functions,change of variables.

Unit-3:

• Homogeneous functions,euler’s theorm,jacobian,taylors and maclaurin’s series for functions of two variables,
• errors and approximations,maxima-minima of functions of two variables,lagranges method of undetermined multipliers,differentiation under the integral sign,

Unit-4:

• Multiple integrals and their multiplications,double integral,change of order of integration double integral in polar coordinates,
• applications of double integral to find area enclosed by lane curves and volume of solids of revolution,
• triple integral,volume of solids,change of variables,beta and gamma functions and relatioship between them.

Unit-5:

• vector calculus:differential of vectors,scalar and vector point functions gradient of a scalar,field and directional derivative,
• divergence and curl of a vector field and their physical interpretations,del applied twice to point functions,
• integration of vectors,line integral,surface integral,volume integral,green’s,stoke’s and guass divergence theorms  and their simple applications.

## Mechanical Vibrations and Structural Dynamics pdf Notes – MVSD pdf Notes file

Mechanical Vibrations and Structural Dynamics pdf Notes – MVSD pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Introduction to Mechanical Vibrations,IMPORTANCE OF VIBRATIONS ,Modeling issues ,
• Linear superposition as a “working” principle,Review of kinematics and generalized coordinate descriptions,
• Review of energy and power expressions ,MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS AND STRUCTURAL DYNAMIC.

Unit-2:

• VIBRATION UNDER HARMONIC FORCING CONDITIONS,Newton’s second law and Euler’s equation,
• Conservation of energy (first law of thermodynamics) ,Lagrange’s equations of class II (holonomic form),
• Multiple degree-of-freedom (MDOF) systems ,Note that the symmetry in the mass, damping, and stiffness matrices has disappeared and the coordinates have become dynamically coupled as well as statically coupled.

Unit-3:

• VIBRATION UNDER GENERAL FORCING CONDITIONS,Continuous systems of second and fourth-order,
• These expressions can be used in conjunction with Hamilton’s principle to derive the EOMs,
• however, this technique will not be presented here because it requires a clear working knowledge of variational calculus, which is beyond the scope of this course.

Unit-4:

• TWO AND MULTI – DOF SYSTEM,Free response of single degree-of-freedom systems with viscous damping,
• Free response of single degree-of-freedom systems for arbitrary damping ,Free response of multiple degree-of-freedom systems,
• Principal coordinates and modal transformations,Boundary conditions and rigid body modes in semi-definite MDOF systems,
• Second order continuous systems and separation of variables ,Fourth order continuous systems and separation of variables.

Unit-5:

• CONTINUOUS SYSTEMS,Terminology – steady state and transient response ,Some review of time-frequency signal representation,
• Step response: A simple example of forced response analysis ,Harmonic response: relative amplitude and phase relationships .

## Manufacturing Technology – I pdf Notes – MT – I pdf Notes file

Manufacturing Technology – I pdf Notes – MT – I pdf Notes – MT – I pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please reMT – Ir to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Sand Casting,Sand Mould,Types of Pattern,Pattern materials,Pattern Allowances,Types of pattern allowances,
• Shrinkage Allowance,Machining Allowance,Draft Allowance,Distortion Allowance,Rapping Allowance,
• Movlding Sand,Properties of Moulding Sand.

Unit-2:

• Joining Processes,Classification of Welding Process,Fusion Welding,Plastic Welding,Gas Welding Technique,
• oxy-Acetylene Welding,air-Acetylene Welding,oxy-Hydrogen Welding,Flame Characteristics,Resistance Welding,
• Various types of resrstance welding,Plasma Arc-welding,Thermit Welding,Electron Beam Welding,Laser Beam Welding,Friction Welding,Friction Stir Welding,Brazing Methods.

Unit-3:

• Metal Forming Processes,Hot working and cold working of methods,Hot working of methods,Types of Hot Working,
• Hot forging,Hot Rolling,Hot Extrusion,Drawing,Cold working,Classification of cold working process,Meterials used for cold working process,
• Forging Processes,Classification of forging,Closed die (or) impression forging,Types of forging machines.

Unit-4:

• Sheet Metal Processes,Sheet metal Characteristics,Bending,Types of Bending Operations,Drawing,

Unit-5:

• Manifacture of Plastic Components,Characteristics of Plastics,Types of Plastics,Thermosetting Plastics,
• Thermosetting,screw type injection molding,Limitations,Blow Moulding,Rotational molding.

## Internet Programming pdf Notes – IP pdf Notes file

Internet Programming pdf Notes – IP pdf Notes – IP pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Introduction to java,Objects in Java,Classes in Java,Local variables,Instance variables,Class variables,
• Constructors,Creating an Object,Accessing Instance Variables and Methods,Source file declaration rules,
• Java Package,Import statements,Control Statements.

Unit-2:

• Understanding Internet Basics,Internet Clients and Servers,Internet vs. Intranet,HTML Pages,HTML Page and Source HTML,
• HTML Tags and Attributes,Web page,Web site,Web Server,Search EngineHTML Basics,Objectives.

Unit-3:

• Introduction to JavaScript,How is JavaScript constructed,Creating a regular expression,Writing a regular expression pattern,
• Using simple patterns,Using special characters,Working with regular expressions,Using parentheses Advanced searching with flags.

Unit-4:

• Naming and Creating a Variable in PHP,Assigning a Value to a PHP Variable,Accessing PHP Variable Values,
• Internal (built-in) functions,PHP User Defined Functions,Create a User Defined Function in PHP,PHP Function Arguments,PHP Default Argument Value.

Unit-5:

• Naming and Creating a Variable in PHP,Assigning a Value to a PHP Variable,Accessing PHP Variable Values,
• Internal (built-in) functions,PHP User Defined Functions,Connecting to a Database,Should I Use MySQLi or PDO,MySQLi Installation,PDO Installation,Open a Connection to MySQL,PHP Create/Retrieve a Cookie.

## Grid and Cloud Computing pdf Notes – GCC pdf Notes file

Grid and Cloud Computing pdf Notes – GCC pdf Notes – GCC pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Evolutionary Trend,MPP-Maariv parallel Processors,High Performance Computing (HPC),High Throughtput Computing (HTC),
• Computing Paradigms,Centralized Computing,Parallel Computing,Distributed Computing,Autonomous Computers,Cloud Computing.

Unit-2:

• Open Grid Service Architecture (OGSA),Physical and Logical Resources layer,Web Services Layers,
• OGSA Architected Services Layer,Grid Core Services,Service Management,Service Communication,Policy Services,
• Security Services,Application Layer,Open Gird Services infrastructure,Data Intensive Grid Service Models.

Unit-3:

• Cloud Deployment Models,Cloud Computing,Private Cloud,Data Center Networking,Cloud Design Objectives,
• Cloud Service Models of different Serives Levels,Infrastracture as a Service (IAAS),Platfrom as a Service,
• Software as a Service(SAAS),Implementation Levels of Virtualization,Code Interpretation.

Unit-4:

• Globus Toolkit Architecture,GT4 Library,Globus Job Workflow,Client-Globus Interactions,MapReduce Model in detail,
• Introducing Hadoop,Map & Reduce function,HDFS Concepts in detail,Namenodes and Datanodes,
• HDFS Federation,HDFS High-Availability,Failover and fencing,Anatomy of a File Read,Anatomy of a File write,Ingest the URLs and their associated metadata,
• Normalize the URLs,Eliminate duplicate URLs,Filter the URLs against a set of exclusion and inclusion filters.

## Graphics and Multimedia pdf Notes – GM pdf Notes file

Graphics and Multimedia pdf Notes – GM pdf Notes – GM pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Introduction,Computer hardware,Computer Software,Line Drawing algorithm,DDA Algorithm (Digital differential analyzer),
• DDA Line Algorithm,Advantages,Disadvantages,Bresenham’s Line Algorithm,decision variable or the error,Bresenhams algorithm,Parallel Line algorithm,Circle Generating algorithm.

Unit-2:

• Three Dimensional Object Representations,Polygon Surfaces,Polygon Tables,Plane Equations,Polygon Meshes,
• Spline Representations,Interpolation and Approximation Splines,Parametric Continuity Conditions,Geometric Continuity Conditions,Coordinate Spaces,Converting From 3-D To 2-D.

Unit-3:

• Multimedia authoring and user interface,Design issues of multimedia authoring,File format and data compression issues,
• Design approaches to authoring,Types of multimedia authoring systems,Hypermedia application design considerations,
• Integration of applications,Common UI and application integration,Distributed data access,User interface design,Special metaphors for multimedia applications.

Unit-4:

• Components of a Multimedia System,Rt(Real Time) Multimedia Architecture,Storage Subsystem,Storage Devices,
• Impact of Application Requirements on Subsystems,Database,Network Subsystem,Network Components,Ethernet,Asynchronous Transfer Mode(ATM),.

Unit-5:

• v NTRODUCTION,Operating Systems,v THREADS,Process Management,OS/2 was designed as a time- sharing operating system.

## Foundation Engineering pdf Notes – FE pdf Notes file

Foundation Engineering pdf Notes – FE pdf Notes – FE pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Types of boring,Displacement borings,Wash boring,Planning For Subsurface Exploration,Fact finding and geological survey,
• Reconnaissance,Auger boring,Auger boring,Undisturbed samples,Requirement of good sampling process,Penetrometer Tests,Standard penetration test.

Unit-2:

• INTRODUCTION,DIFFERENT METHODS OF ANALYSIS,Rankine earth pressure,Determination of earth pressure coefficients,
• Inclined Ground,Limit Equilibrium,Limit Analysis,Method of Characteristics,Finite Element / Discrete Element Method. THEOREMS.

Unit-3:

• RETAINING WALL,Gravity walls,Semi Gravity Retaining Wall,Counterfort retaining wall,Flexible walls,Sheet Pile Walls,
• Cantilever sheet pile walls,Free cantilever sheet pile,Cantilever Sheet Pile Wall with Backfill,Anchored sheet pile walls,Free earth support piles,Fixed earth support piles.

Unit-4:

• Introduction,Different types of footings Fig,Flexural reinforcement,v Check for development length,
• Transfer of load at base of column,Determination of size of column,Determination of the size of the footing,Determination of design soil pressure,Flexural reinforcement.

Unit-5:

• DESIGN METHODOLOGY FOR PILES,REQUIREMENT FOR DEEP FOUNDATIONS,CLASSIFICATION OF PILES,POINTS TO BE CONSIDERED FOR CHOOSING PILES.

## Fluid Mechanics and Machinery pdf Notes – FMM pdf Notes file

Fluid Mechanics and Machinery pdf Notes – FMM pdf Notes – FMM pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Properties of fluid,fluid mechanics,fluid kinematics,fluid dynamics,density(or)mass density,
• specific weight(or)weight density,specific volume,specific gravity(or)relative density,vocsocity,
• kinematic viscocity,surface tension,cappilarity,expression for cappilary rise,kinematics of flow&ideal flow,lagrangian method,eulerian method.

Unit-2:

• Flow through circular conducts,flow through pipes,lamianr flow,turbulant flow,loss of energy in pipes,
• energy loses,major energy,minor energy,energy equation,frictional resistence,darcy formula,
• chezys formula,flow through parllel pipes,boundary layer flow,moody diagram,turbulant boundary layer.

Unit-3:

• Dimensional and model analysis,dimensional analysis,fundmental dimensions,secondary(or)derived quantities,
• dimensional homogeneity,methods of dimensional analysis,rayleighs theorm,buckinghams theorm,
• method of selecting repeating variables,model,prototype,similitude,geometric similarity,kinematic similarity,
• dynamic symilarity,types of forces in moving fluid,inertia force,viscous force,gravity force,pressure force,
• surface tension force,elastic force,dimensionless numbers,reynolds number,froueds number,eulers number,
• webers number,machs number,model laws,reynolds model law,froude model law,euler model law,
• weber model law,mach mode law,classification of models,undistorted models,distorted models,advantages of distorted models,
• scale ratios for distorted models,scale ratio for velocity.It is a mathematical technique used in reserch work for design and for conductiong model tests.

Unit-4:

• Boundary layer flow,boundary layer concept,displacement,momentum and energy thickness,
• von-karman momentum integral equation,laminar and turbulent boundary layer flows,drag on a flat plate,
• boundary layer separaration and control,streamlined and bulff bodies lift and drag on a cylinder and an airfoil,
• problems.Turbulent flow:shear stress in turbulent flow,prandtl mixing length hypothesis,hydraulically smooth and rough pipes,velocity distribution in pipes,friction coefficients for smooth and rough pipes.

Unit-5:

• cavitations and its effects,cavitation parameters,detection and prevention of cavitation,model testing of turbines,
• propeller pump,jet pump,airlift pump,gear pump,screw pump,vane pump,radial piston pump,submersible pump,
• pumb problems hydraulic accumulators,hydraulic intensifier,hydraulic lift,hydraulic crane,hydraulic couping,torque converter,hydraulic ram,

## Environmental Science and Engineering pdf Notes – ESE pdf Notes file

Environmental Science and Engineering pdf Notes – ESE pdf Notes – ESE pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• ENVIRONMENT, ECOSYSTEM AND BIODIVERSITY DEFINITION, SCOPE AND IMPORTANCE,ENVIRONMENT,
• SCOPE AND IMPORTANCE,Environment Components can be divided into biotic and abiotic components,
• Scope of environmental science,Public awareness,Reasons for environmental Ignorance,Need For Public Awareness,Methods to propagate environmental Awareness.

Unit-2:

• ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION,Introduction,Types of pollutants,Classification of Pollution,
• AIR POLLUTION,Sources of air pollution,Classification,Control Measures,Source control,Control measures in Industrial centers,
• WATER POLLUTION,Types, effects and sources of water pollution,Infectious agents,Sources,
• Oxygen demanding wastes,In organic Chemicals,Thermal pollution,Human source,Effects,Control measures of water pollution,SOIL POLLUTION,Industrial wastes,Urban wastes,Agricultural practices.

Unit-3:

• INTRODUCTION TO ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES AND NATURAL RESOURCES,
• DEFINITIONS,SCOPE,NEED FOR PUBLIC AWARENESS,NATURAL RESOURCES,FOREST RESOURCES,
• 1.5.1.1Commercial uses,Tropical Rain Forests,Tropical deciduous forests,Tropical scrub forests,Temperate rain forests,
• Temperate deciduous forests,Evergreen coniferous forests,Ecological uses,Production of Oxygen,
• Wild life habitat,Regulation of hydrological,over Exploitation of Forests,Deforestation,
• Causes of Deforestation,Consequences of deforestation,Effect on climate,Effect on biodiversity,Effect on resources.

Unit-4:

• SOCIAL ISSUES AND THE ENVIRONMENT,Sustainable development,True sustainable development,
• Dimensions of sustainable development,Aspects of sustainable development,Urban problems related to energy,
• WATER CONSERVATION,Need for water conservation,Strategies of water conservation,Methods of water conservation,
• Objectives of rain water harvesting,WATER SHED MANAGEMENT,RESETTLEMENT AND REHABILITATION OF PEOPLE,Causes,Rehabilitation issues,Case Studies,Environmental ethics,
• Environmental problems,Solutions,CLIMATE,Causes of climate change,Effect of climate change,Green house effect.

Unit-5:

• HUMAN POPULATION AND ENVIRONMENT,Population density,Parameters affecting population size,
• Population Growth,Causes of rapid population growth,Characteristics of population growth,Variation of population based on age structure,Population Explosion,
• FAMILY WELFARE PROGRAMME,FAMILY PLANNING PROGRAMME,ENVIRONMENT AND HUMAN HEALTH,
• HUMAN RIGHTS,VALUE EDUCATION,Education,Objectives,Types of values,HIV /AIDS,Origin of HIV/AIDS,
• Factors influencing modes of Transmission of HIV,Factors not influencing transmission of HIV,Functions of HIV in human body,Mechanism of Infection.

## Electromagnetic Theory pdf Notes – EMT pdf Notes file

#### Electromagnetic Theory pdf Notes – EMT pdf Notes – EMT pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Sources&effects of electromagnetic field,electromagnetic,field,types of field,magnetic field,electric field,
• engineering electromagnetics,scalar,vector,scalar field,vector field,scalar(or)dot product,vector(or)cross product,
• co-ordinate system,cartesian(or)rectungalar co-ordinate system,base vector,cylinder co-ordinate system.

Unit-2:

• Electrostatics,columbs law,vector form of coulombs law,electric field intensity,electric field due to point charges,
• electric field due to continuos charges,line charge,surface charge,volume charge,field due to line charge,
• surface charge(or)sheet charge,electric field intensity due to visuvilization point distrubution,gauss law,
• electric potential,
• equipotential surface,uniform field,non-uniform field,electric field conduction free space &dielectric,
• conduction current,convection current,dielectric constant and dielecric strength.

Unit-3:

• Magnetostatics,relation ship between B and H,surface current,volume current,maxwell equation in magnetic field,
• maxwell equation for static electromagnetic field,integral form,application of flux density and flux to co-axial cable,
• minor conductor,magnetic scalar vs vector potential,laplace equation for scalar magnetic potential,vector magnetic potential,
• poissons equation for magnetic field,inductance,induction of toroid,induction of a co-axial cable,magnetic forces.

Unit-4:

• Electrodynamic field,faradays law,lenz law,disadvantage of magnetic circuit,field theory and circuit theory,
• electric&magnetic circuits,maxwells equation,amper’s circuit law,faradays law,guass law for electric field,
• guass law for magnetic field,divergence theorm,maxwell’s equation for free space,integral form,maxwell’s equation for good conductor,
• maxwells equation for harmonically varying field,displacement current,forces and energy in quasi stationary electro magnetic field,boundary conditions for time varying field.

Unit-5:

• Electromagnetic waves,attenuation constant,phase constant,propogation constant,intrinsic impedence,
• EM wave in any general medium,em wave in free space, em wave in perfect dielectric,velocity,EM waves in lossy dielectrics,
• EM waves in good conductor,skin depth (or) depth of penetration,effect,poynting vector and poynting therom,
• waves are means of transeffering energy(or)information from source to destination.it is also a function of both time and space.
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## Transforms and Partial Differential Equations pdf Notes- TPDE pdf Notes file

Transforms and Partial Differential Equations pdf Notes – TPDE pdf Notes – TPDE pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please reTPDEr to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Partial Differential Equations,Formation of partial Differental equations by Eliination of arbitrary constants,
• Foration of PDE by Elimination of arbitary Constants Functions,taylor’s and maclaurin’s series,
• expansion by use of known series,expansion by forming a differential equation,asymptotes,curvater,
• radius of curvature for cartesian,parametric and polar curves,centre of curvature and chord of curvature,tracing of cartesian and polar curves.

Unit-2:

• Periodic Function,Fouries Series,Uses of Fouries Series,Dirichlet Condition,Even functon,odd function,
• Partial dirrentiation and its applications,functions of two or more variables partial derivatives
• total differential and differntiability,derivaties of composite and implict functions,change of variables.

Unit-3:

• Homogeneous functions,euler’s theorm,jacobian,taylors and maclaurin’s series for functions of two variables,
• errors and approximations,maxima-minima of functions of two variables,lagranges method of undetermined multipliers,differentiation under the integral sign,

Unit-4:

• Multiple integrals and their multiplications,double integral,change of order of integration double integral in polar coordinates,
• applications of double integral to find area enclosed by lane curves and volume of solids of revolution,
• triple integral,volume of solids,change of variables,beta and gamma functions and relatioship between them.

Unit-5:

• vector calculus:differential of vectors,scalar and vector point functions gradient of a scalar,field and directional derivative,
• divergence and curl of a vector field and their physical interpretations,del applied twice to point functions,
• integration of vectors,line integral,surface integral,volume integral,green’s,stoke’s and guass divergence theorms  and their simple applications.

## Mechanical Vibrations and Structural Dynamics pdf Notes – MVSD pdf Notes file

Mechanical Vibrations and Structural Dynamics pdf Notes – MVSD pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Introduction to Mechanical Vibrations,IMPORTANCE OF VIBRATIONS ,Modeling issues ,
• Linear superposition as a “working” principle,Review of kinematics and generalized coordinate descriptions,
• Review of energy and power expressions ,MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS AND STRUCTURAL DYNAMIC.

Unit-2:

• VIBRATION UNDER HARMONIC FORCING CONDITIONS,Newton’s second law and Euler’s equation,
• Conservation of energy (first law of thermodynamics) ,Lagrange’s equations of class II (holonomic form),
• Multiple degree-of-freedom (MDOF) systems ,Note that the symmetry in the mass, damping, and stiffness matrices has disappeared and the coordinates have become dynamically coupled as well as statically coupled.

Unit-3:

• VIBRATION UNDER GENERAL FORCING CONDITIONS,Continuous systems of second and fourth-order,
• These expressions can be used in conjunction with Hamilton’s principle to derive the EOMs,
• however, this technique will not be presented here because it requires a clear working knowledge of variational calculus, which is beyond the scope of this course.

Unit-4:

• TWO AND MULTI – DOF SYSTEM,Free response of single degree-of-freedom systems with viscous damping,
• Free response of single degree-of-freedom systems for arbitrary damping ,Free response of multiple degree-of-freedom systems,
• Principal coordinates and modal transformations,Boundary conditions and rigid body modes in semi-definite MDOF systems,
• Second order continuous systems and separation of variables ,Fourth order continuous systems and separation of variables.

Unit-5:

• CONTINUOUS SYSTEMS,Terminology – steady state and transient response ,Some review of time-frequency signal representation,
• Step response: A simple example of forced response analysis ,Harmonic response: relative amplitude and phase relationships .

## Manufacturing Technology – I pdf Notes – MT – I pdf Notes file

Manufacturing Technology – I pdf Notes – MT – I pdf Notes – MT – I pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please reMT – Ir to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Sand Casting,Sand Mould,Types of Pattern,Pattern materials,Pattern Allowances,Types of pattern allowances,
• Shrinkage Allowance,Machining Allowance,Draft Allowance,Distortion Allowance,Rapping Allowance,
• Movlding Sand,Properties of Moulding Sand.

Unit-2:

• Joining Processes,Classification of Welding Process,Fusion Welding,Plastic Welding,Gas Welding Technique,
• oxy-Acetylene Welding,air-Acetylene Welding,oxy-Hydrogen Welding,Flame Characteristics,Resistance Welding,
• Various types of resrstance welding,Plasma Arc-welding,Thermit Welding,Electron Beam Welding,Laser Beam Welding,Friction Welding,Friction Stir Welding,Brazing Methods.

Unit-3:

• Metal Forming Processes,Hot working and cold working of methods,Hot working of methods,Types of Hot Working,
• Hot forging,Hot Rolling,Hot Extrusion,Drawing,Cold working,Classification of cold working process,Meterials used for cold working process,
• Forging Processes,Classification of forging,Closed die (or) impression forging,Types of forging machines.

Unit-4:

• Sheet Metal Processes,Sheet metal Characteristics,Bending,Types of Bending Operations,Drawing,

Unit-5:

• Manifacture of Plastic Components,Characteristics of Plastics,Types of Plastics,Thermosetting Plastics,
• Thermosetting,screw type injection molding,Limitations,Blow Moulding,Rotational molding.

## Internet Programming pdf Notes – IP pdf Notes file

Internet Programming pdf Notes – IP pdf Notes – IP pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Introduction to java,Objects in Java,Classes in Java,Local variables,Instance variables,Class variables,
• Constructors,Creating an Object,Accessing Instance Variables and Methods,Source file declaration rules,
• Java Package,Import statements,Control Statements.

Unit-2:

• Understanding Internet Basics,Internet Clients and Servers,Internet vs. Intranet,HTML Pages,HTML Page and Source HTML,
• HTML Tags and Attributes,Web page,Web site,Web Server,Search EngineHTML Basics,Objectives.

Unit-3:

• Introduction to JavaScript,How is JavaScript constructed,Creating a regular expression,Writing a regular expression pattern,
• Using simple patterns,Using special characters,Working with regular expressions,Using parentheses Advanced searching with flags.

Unit-4:

• Naming and Creating a Variable in PHP,Assigning a Value to a PHP Variable,Accessing PHP Variable Values,
• Internal (built-in) functions,PHP User Defined Functions,Create a User Defined Function in PHP,PHP Function Arguments,PHP Default Argument Value.

Unit-5:

• Naming and Creating a Variable in PHP,Assigning a Value to a PHP Variable,Accessing PHP Variable Values,
• Internal (built-in) functions,PHP User Defined Functions,Connecting to a Database,Should I Use MySQLi or PDO,MySQLi Installation,PDO Installation,Open a Connection to MySQL,PHP Create/Retrieve a Cookie.

## Transforms and Partial Differential Equations pdf Notes- TPDE pdf Notes file

Transforms and Partial Differential Equations pdf Notes – TPDE pdf Notes – TPDE pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please reTPDEr to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Partial Differential Equations,Formation of partial Differental equations by Eliination of arbitrary constants,
• Foration of PDE by Elimination of arbitary Constants Functions,taylor’s and maclaurin’s series,
• expansion by use of known series,expansion by forming a differential equation,asymptotes,curvater,
• radius of curvature for cartesian,parametric and polar curves,centre of curvature and chord of curvature,tracing of cartesian and polar curves.

Unit-2:

• Periodic Function,Fouries Series,Uses of Fouries Series,Dirichlet Condition,Even functon,odd function,
• Partial dirrentiation and its applications,functions of two or more variables partial derivatives
• total differential and differntiability,derivaties of composite and implict functions,change of variables.

Unit-3:

• Homogeneous functions,euler’s theorm,jacobian,taylors and maclaurin’s series for functions of two variables,
• errors and approximations,maxima-minima of functions of two variables,lagranges method of undetermined multipliers,differentiation under the integral sign,

Unit-4:

• Multiple integrals and their multiplications,double integral,change of order of integration double integral in polar coordinates,
• applications of double integral to find area enclosed by lane curves and volume of solids of revolution,
• triple integral,volume of solids,change of variables,beta and gamma functions and relatioship between them.

Unit-5:

• vector calculus:differential of vectors,scalar and vector point functions gradient of a scalar,field and directional derivative,
• divergence and curl of a vector field and their physical interpretations,del applied twice to point functions,
• integration of vectors,line integral,surface integral,volume integral,green’s,stoke’s and guass divergence theorms  and their simple applications.

## Mechanical Vibrations and Structural Dynamics pdf Notes – MVSD pdf Notes file

Mechanical Vibrations and Structural Dynamics pdf Notes – MVSD pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Introduction to Mechanical Vibrations,IMPORTANCE OF VIBRATIONS ,Modeling issues ,
• Linear superposition as a “working” principle,Review of kinematics and generalized coordinate descriptions,
• Review of energy and power expressions ,MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS AND STRUCTURAL DYNAMIC.

Unit-2:

• VIBRATION UNDER HARMONIC FORCING CONDITIONS,Newton’s second law and Euler’s equation,
• Conservation of energy (first law of thermodynamics) ,Lagrange’s equations of class II (holonomic form),
• Multiple degree-of-freedom (MDOF) systems ,Note that the symmetry in the mass, damping, and stiffness matrices has disappeared and the coordinates have become dynamically coupled as well as statically coupled.

Unit-3:

• VIBRATION UNDER GENERAL FORCING CONDITIONS,Continuous systems of second and fourth-order,
• These expressions can be used in conjunction with Hamilton’s principle to derive the EOMs,
• however, this technique will not be presented here because it requires a clear working knowledge of variational calculus, which is beyond the scope of this course.

Unit-4:

• TWO AND MULTI – DOF SYSTEM,Free response of single degree-of-freedom systems with viscous damping,
• Free response of single degree-of-freedom systems for arbitrary damping ,Free response of multiple degree-of-freedom systems,
• Principal coordinates and modal transformations,Boundary conditions and rigid body modes in semi-definite MDOF systems,
• Second order continuous systems and separation of variables ,Fourth order continuous systems and separation of variables.

Unit-5:

• CONTINUOUS SYSTEMS,Terminology – steady state and transient response ,Some review of time-frequency signal representation,
• Step response: A simple example of forced response analysis ,Harmonic response: relative amplitude and phase relationships .

## Manufacturing Technology – I pdf Notes – MT – I pdf Notes file

Manufacturing Technology – I pdf Notes – MT – I pdf Notes – MT – I pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please reMT – Ir to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Sand Casting,Sand Mould,Types of Pattern,Pattern materials,Pattern Allowances,Types of pattern allowances,
• Shrinkage Allowance,Machining Allowance,Draft Allowance,Distortion Allowance,Rapping Allowance,
• Movlding Sand,Properties of Moulding Sand.

Unit-2:

• Joining Processes,Classification of Welding Process,Fusion Welding,Plastic Welding,Gas Welding Technique,
• oxy-Acetylene Welding,air-Acetylene Welding,oxy-Hydrogen Welding,Flame Characteristics,Resistance Welding,
• Various types of resrstance welding,Plasma Arc-welding,Thermit Welding,Electron Beam Welding,Laser Beam Welding,Friction Welding,Friction Stir Welding,Brazing Methods.

Unit-3:

• Metal Forming Processes,Hot working and cold working of methods,Hot working of methods,Types of Hot Working,
• Hot forging,Hot Rolling,Hot Extrusion,Drawing,Cold working,Classification of cold working process,Meterials used for cold working process,
• Forging Processes,Classification of forging,Closed die (or) impression forging,Types of forging machines.

Unit-4:

• Sheet Metal Processes,Sheet metal Characteristics,Bending,Types of Bending Operations,Drawing,

Unit-5:

• Manifacture of Plastic Components,Characteristics of Plastics,Types of Plastics,Thermosetting Plastics,
• Thermosetting,screw type injection molding,Limitations,Blow Moulding,Rotational molding.

## Internet Programming pdf Notes – IP pdf Notes file

Internet Programming pdf Notes – IP pdf Notes – IP pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Introduction to java,Objects in Java,Classes in Java,Local variables,Instance variables,Class variables,
• Constructors,Creating an Object,Accessing Instance Variables and Methods,Source file declaration rules,
• Java Package,Import statements,Control Statements.

Unit-2:

• Understanding Internet Basics,Internet Clients and Servers,Internet vs. Intranet,HTML Pages,HTML Page and Source HTML,
• HTML Tags and Attributes,Web page,Web site,Web Server,Search EngineHTML Basics,Objectives.

Unit-3:

• Introduction to JavaScript,How is JavaScript constructed,Creating a regular expression,Writing a regular expression pattern,
• Using simple patterns,Using special characters,Working with regular expressions,Using parentheses Advanced searching with flags.

Unit-4:

• Naming and Creating a Variable in PHP,Assigning a Value to a PHP Variable,Accessing PHP Variable Values,
• Internal (built-in) functions,PHP User Defined Functions,Create a User Defined Function in PHP,PHP Function Arguments,PHP Default Argument Value.

Unit-5:

• Naming and Creating a Variable in PHP,Assigning a Value to a PHP Variable,Accessing PHP Variable Values,
• Internal (built-in) functions,PHP User Defined Functions,Connecting to a Database,Should I Use MySQLi or PDO,MySQLi Installation,PDO Installation,Open a Connection to MySQL,PHP Create/Retrieve a Cookie.

## Transforms and Partial Differential Equations pdf Notes- TPDE pdf Notes file

Transforms and Partial Differential Equations pdf Notes – TPDE pdf Notes – TPDE pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please reTPDEr to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Partial Differential Equations,Formation of partial Differental equations by Eliination of arbitrary constants,
• Foration of PDE by Elimination of arbitary Constants Functions,taylor’s and maclaurin’s series,
• expansion by use of known series,expansion by forming a differential equation,asymptotes,curvater,
• radius of curvature for cartesian,parametric and polar curves,centre of curvature and chord of curvature,tracing of cartesian and polar curves.

Unit-2:

• Periodic Function,Fouries Series,Uses of Fouries Series,Dirichlet Condition,Even functon,odd function,
• Partial dirrentiation and its applications,functions of two or more variables partial derivatives
• total differential and differntiability,derivaties of composite and implict functions,change of variables.

Unit-3:

• Homogeneous functions,euler’s theorm,jacobian,taylors and maclaurin’s series for functions of two variables,
• errors and approximations,maxima-minima of functions of two variables,lagranges method of undetermined multipliers,differentiation under the integral sign,

Unit-4:

• Multiple integrals and their multiplications,double integral,change of order of integration double integral in polar coordinates,
• applications of double integral to find area enclosed by lane curves and volume of solids of revolution,
• triple integral,volume of solids,change of variables,beta and gamma functions and relatioship between them.

Unit-5:

• vector calculus:differential of vectors,scalar and vector point functions gradient of a scalar,field and directional derivative,
• divergence and curl of a vector field and their physical interpretations,del applied twice to point functions,
• integration of vectors,line integral,surface integral,volume integral,green’s,stoke’s and guass divergence theorms  and their simple applications.

## Mechanical Vibrations and Structural Dynamics pdf Notes – MVSD pdf Notes file

Mechanical Vibrations and Structural Dynamics pdf Notes – MVSD pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Introduction to Mechanical Vibrations,IMPORTANCE OF VIBRATIONS ,Modeling issues ,
• Linear superposition as a “working” principle,Review of kinematics and generalized coordinate descriptions,
• Review of energy and power expressions ,MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS AND STRUCTURAL DYNAMIC.

Unit-2:

• VIBRATION UNDER HARMONIC FORCING CONDITIONS,Newton’s second law and Euler’s equation,
• Conservation of energy (first law of thermodynamics) ,Lagrange’s equations of class II (holonomic form),
• Multiple degree-of-freedom (MDOF) systems ,Note that the symmetry in the mass, damping, and stiffness matrices has disappeared and the coordinates have become dynamically coupled as well as statically coupled.

Unit-3:

• VIBRATION UNDER GENERAL FORCING CONDITIONS,Continuous systems of second and fourth-order,
• These expressions can be used in conjunction with Hamilton’s principle to derive the EOMs,
• however, this technique will not be presented here because it requires a clear working knowledge of variational calculus, which is beyond the scope of this course.

Unit-4:

• TWO AND MULTI – DOF SYSTEM,Free response of single degree-of-freedom systems with viscous damping,
• Free response of single degree-of-freedom systems for arbitrary damping ,Free response of multiple degree-of-freedom systems,
• Principal coordinates and modal transformations,Boundary conditions and rigid body modes in semi-definite MDOF systems,
• Second order continuous systems and separation of variables ,Fourth order continuous systems and separation of variables.

Unit-5:

• CONTINUOUS SYSTEMS,Terminology – steady state and transient response ,Some review of time-frequency signal representation,
• Step response: A simple example of forced response analysis ,Harmonic response: relative amplitude and phase relationships .

## Manufacturing Technology – I pdf Notes – MT – I pdf Notes file

Manufacturing Technology – I pdf Notes – MT – I pdf Notes – MT – I pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please reMT – Ir to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Sand Casting,Sand Mould,Types of Pattern,Pattern materials,Pattern Allowances,Types of pattern allowances,
• Shrinkage Allowance,Machining Allowance,Draft Allowance,Distortion Allowance,Rapping Allowance,
• Movlding Sand,Properties of Moulding Sand.

Unit-2:

• Joining Processes,Classification of Welding Process,Fusion Welding,Plastic Welding,Gas Welding Technique,
• oxy-Acetylene Welding,air-Acetylene Welding,oxy-Hydrogen Welding,Flame Characteristics,Resistance Welding,
• Various types of resrstance welding,Plasma Arc-welding,Thermit Welding,Electron Beam Welding,Laser Beam Welding,Friction Welding,Friction Stir Welding,Brazing Methods.

Unit-3:

• Metal Forming Processes,Hot working and cold working of methods,Hot working of methods,Types of Hot Working,
• Hot forging,Hot Rolling,Hot Extrusion,Drawing,Cold working,Classification of cold working process,Meterials used for cold working process,
• Forging Processes,Classification of forging,Closed die (or) impression forging,Types of forging machines.

Unit-4:

• Sheet Metal Processes,Sheet metal Characteristics,Bending,Types of Bending Operations,Drawing,

Unit-5:

• Manifacture of Plastic Components,Characteristics of Plastics,Types of Plastics,Thermosetting Plastics,
• Thermosetting,screw type injection molding,Limitations,Blow Moulding,Rotational molding.

## Transforms and Partial Differential Equations pdf Notes- TPDE pdf Notes file

Transforms and Partial Differential Equations pdf Notes – TPDE pdf Notes – TPDE pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please reTPDEr to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Partial Differential Equations,Formation of partial Differental equations by Eliination of arbitrary constants,
• Foration of PDE by Elimination of arbitary Constants Functions,taylor’s and maclaurin’s series,
• expansion by use of known series,expansion by forming a differential equation,asymptotes,curvater,
• radius of curvature for cartesian,parametric and polar curves,centre of curvature and chord of curvature,tracing of cartesian and polar curves.

Unit-2:

• Periodic Function,Fouries Series,Uses of Fouries Series,Dirichlet Condition,Even functon,odd function,
• Partial dirrentiation and its applications,functions of two or more variables partial derivatives
• total differential and differntiability,derivaties of composite and implict functions,change of variables.

Unit-3:

• Homogeneous functions,euler’s theorm,jacobian,taylors and maclaurin’s series for functions of two variables,
• errors and approximations,maxima-minima of functions of two variables,lagranges method of undetermined multipliers,differentiation under the integral sign,

Unit-4:

• Multiple integrals and their multiplications,double integral,change of order of integration double integral in polar coordinates,
• applications of double integral to find area enclosed by lane curves and volume of solids of revolution,
• triple integral,volume of solids,change of variables,beta and gamma functions and relatioship between them.

Unit-5:

• vector calculus:differential of vectors,scalar and vector point functions gradient of a scalar,field and directional derivative,
• divergence and curl of a vector field and their physical interpretations,del applied twice to point functions,
• integration of vectors,line integral,surface integral,volume integral,green’s,stoke’s and guass divergence theorms  and their simple applications.

## Mechanical Vibrations and Structural Dynamics pdf Notes – MVSD pdf Notes file

Mechanical Vibrations and Structural Dynamics pdf Notes – MVSD pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Introduction to Mechanical Vibrations,IMPORTANCE OF VIBRATIONS ,Modeling issues ,
• Linear superposition as a “working” principle,Review of kinematics and generalized coordinate descriptions,
• Review of energy and power expressions ,MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS AND STRUCTURAL DYNAMIC.

Unit-2:

• VIBRATION UNDER HARMONIC FORCING CONDITIONS,Newton’s second law and Euler’s equation,
• Conservation of energy (first law of thermodynamics) ,Lagrange’s equations of class II (holonomic form),
• Multiple degree-of-freedom (MDOF) systems ,Note that the symmetry in the mass, damping, and stiffness matrices has disappeared and the coordinates have become dynamically coupled as well as statically coupled.

Unit-3:

• VIBRATION UNDER GENERAL FORCING CONDITIONS,Continuous systems of second and fourth-order,
• These expressions can be used in conjunction with Hamilton’s principle to derive the EOMs,
• however, this technique will not be presented here because it requires a clear working knowledge of variational calculus, which is beyond the scope of this course.

Unit-4:

• TWO AND MULTI – DOF SYSTEM,Free response of single degree-of-freedom systems with viscous damping,
• Free response of single degree-of-freedom systems for arbitrary damping ,Free response of multiple degree-of-freedom systems,
• Principal coordinates and modal transformations,Boundary conditions and rigid body modes in semi-definite MDOF systems,
• Second order continuous systems and separation of variables ,Fourth order continuous systems and separation of variables.

Unit-5:

• CONTINUOUS SYSTEMS,Terminology – steady state and transient response ,Some review of time-frequency signal representation,
• Step response: A simple example of forced response analysis ,Harmonic response: relative amplitude and phase relationships .

## Manufacturing Technology – I pdf Notes – MT – I pdf Notes file

Manufacturing Technology – I pdf Notes – MT – I pdf Notes – MT – I pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please reMT – Ir to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Sand Casting,Sand Mould,Types of Pattern,Pattern materials,Pattern Allowances,Types of pattern allowances,
• Shrinkage Allowance,Machining Allowance,Draft Allowance,Distortion Allowance,Rapping Allowance,
• Movlding Sand,Properties of Moulding Sand.

Unit-2:

• Joining Processes,Classification of Welding Process,Fusion Welding,Plastic Welding,Gas Welding Technique,
• oxy-Acetylene Welding,air-Acetylene Welding,oxy-Hydrogen Welding,Flame Characteristics,Resistance Welding,
• Various types of resrstance welding,Plasma Arc-welding,Thermit Welding,Electron Beam Welding,Laser Beam Welding,Friction Welding,Friction Stir Welding,Brazing Methods.

Unit-3:

• Metal Forming Processes,Hot working and cold working of methods,Hot working of methods,Types of Hot Working,
• Hot forging,Hot Rolling,Hot Extrusion,Drawing,Cold working,Classification of cold working process,Meterials used for cold working process,
• Forging Processes,Classification of forging,Closed die (or) impression forging,Types of forging machines.

Unit-4:

• Sheet Metal Processes,Sheet metal Characteristics,Bending,Types of Bending Operations,Drawing,

Unit-5:

• Manifacture of Plastic Components,Characteristics of Plastics,Types of Plastics,Thermosetting Plastics,
• Thermosetting,screw type injection molding,Limitations,Blow Moulding,Rotational molding.

## Internet Programming pdf Notes – IP pdf Notes file

Internet Programming pdf Notes – IP pdf Notes – IP pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Introduction to java,Objects in Java,Classes in Java,Local variables,Instance variables,Class variables,
• Constructors,Creating an Object,Accessing Instance Variables and Methods,Source file declaration rules,
• Java Package,Import statements,Control Statements.

Unit-2:

• Understanding Internet Basics,Internet Clients and Servers,Internet vs. Intranet,HTML Pages,HTML Page and Source HTML,
• HTML Tags and Attributes,Web page,Web site,Web Server,Search EngineHTML Basics,Objectives.

Unit-3:

• Introduction to JavaScript,How is JavaScript constructed,Creating a regular expression,Writing a regular expression pattern,
• Using simple patterns,Using special characters,Working with regular expressions,Using parentheses Advanced searching with flags.

Unit-4:

• Naming and Creating a Variable in PHP,Assigning a Value to a PHP Variable,Accessing PHP Variable Values,
• Internal (built-in) functions,PHP User Defined Functions,Create a User Defined Function in PHP,PHP Function Arguments,PHP Default Argument Value.

Unit-5:

• Naming and Creating a Variable in PHP,Assigning a Value to a PHP Variable,Accessing PHP Variable Values,
• Internal (built-in) functions,PHP User Defined Functions,Connecting to a Database,Should I Use MySQLi or PDO,MySQLi Installation,PDO Installation,Open a Connection to MySQL,PHP Create/Retrieve a Cookie.

## Transforms and Partial Differential Equations pdf Notes- TPDE pdf Notes file

Transforms and Partial Differential Equations pdf Notes – TPDE pdf Notes – TPDE pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please reTPDEr to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Partial Differential Equations,Formation of partial Differental equations by Eliination of arbitrary constants,
• Foration of PDE by Elimination of arbitary Constants Functions,taylor’s and maclaurin’s series,
• expansion by use of known series,expansion by forming a differential equation,asymptotes,curvater,
• radius of curvature for cartesian,parametric and polar curves,centre of curvature and chord of curvature,tracing of cartesian and polar curves.

Unit-2:

• Periodic Function,Fouries Series,Uses of Fouries Series,Dirichlet Condition,Even functon,odd function,
• Partial dirrentiation and its applications,functions of two or more variables partial derivatives
• total differential and differntiability,derivaties of composite and implict functions,change of variables.

Unit-3:

• Homogeneous functions,euler’s theorm,jacobian,taylors and maclaurin’s series for functions of two variables,
• errors and approximations,maxima-minima of functions of two variables,lagranges method of undetermined multipliers,differentiation under the integral sign,

Unit-4:

• Multiple integrals and their multiplications,double integral,change of order of integration double integral in polar coordinates,
• applications of double integral to find area enclosed by lane curves and volume of solids of revolution,
• triple integral,volume of solids,change of variables,beta and gamma functions and relatioship between them.

Unit-5:

• vector calculus:differential of vectors,scalar and vector point functions gradient of a scalar,field and directional derivative,
• divergence and curl of a vector field and their physical interpretations,del applied twice to point functions,
• integration of vectors,line integral,surface integral,volume integral,green’s,stoke’s and guass divergence theorms  and their simple applications.

## Mechanical Vibrations and Structural Dynamics pdf Notes – MVSD pdf Notes file

Mechanical Vibrations and Structural Dynamics pdf Notes – MVSD pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please refer to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Introduction to Mechanical Vibrations,IMPORTANCE OF VIBRATIONS ,Modeling issues ,
• Linear superposition as a “working” principle,Review of kinematics and generalized coordinate descriptions,
• Review of energy and power expressions ,MECHANICAL VIBRATIONS AND STRUCTURAL DYNAMIC.

Unit-2:

• VIBRATION UNDER HARMONIC FORCING CONDITIONS,Newton’s second law and Euler’s equation,
• Conservation of energy (first law of thermodynamics) ,Lagrange’s equations of class II (holonomic form),
• Multiple degree-of-freedom (MDOF) systems ,Note that the symmetry in the mass, damping, and stiffness matrices has disappeared and the coordinates have become dynamically coupled as well as statically coupled.

Unit-3:

• VIBRATION UNDER GENERAL FORCING CONDITIONS,Continuous systems of second and fourth-order,
• These expressions can be used in conjunction with Hamilton’s principle to derive the EOMs,
• however, this technique will not be presented here because it requires a clear working knowledge of variational calculus, which is beyond the scope of this course.

Unit-4:

• TWO AND MULTI – DOF SYSTEM,Free response of single degree-of-freedom systems with viscous damping,
• Free response of single degree-of-freedom systems for arbitrary damping ,Free response of multiple degree-of-freedom systems,
• Principal coordinates and modal transformations,Boundary conditions and rigid body modes in semi-definite MDOF systems,
• Second order continuous systems and separation of variables ,Fourth order continuous systems and separation of variables.

Unit-5:

• CONTINUOUS SYSTEMS,Terminology – steady state and transient response ,Some review of time-frequency signal representation,
• Step response: A simple example of forced response analysis ,Harmonic response: relative amplitude and phase relationships .

## Transforms and Partial Differential Equations pdf Notes- TPDE pdf Notes file

Transforms and Partial Differential Equations pdf Notes – TPDE pdf Notes – TPDE pdf Notes file to download are listed below please check it –

Note :- These notes are according to the R09 Syllabus book of JNTU.In R13 and R15,8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in R13 and R15 syllabus. If you have any doubts please reTPDEr to the JNTU Syllabus Book.

Unit-1:

• Partial Differential Equations,Formation of partial Differental equations by Eliination of arbitrary constants,
• Foration of PDE by Elimination of arbitary Constants Functions,taylor’s and maclaurin’s series,
• expansion by use of known series,expansion by forming a differential equation,asymptotes,curvater,
• radius of curvature for cartesian,parametric and polar curves,centre of curvature and chord of curvature,tracing of cartesian and polar curves.

Unit-2:

• Periodic Function,Fouries Series,Uses of Fouries Series,Dirichlet Condition,Even functon,odd function,
• Partial dirrentiation and its applications,functions of two or more variables partial derivatives
• total differential and differntiability,derivaties of composite and implict functions,change of variables.

Unit-3:

• Homogeneous functions,euler’s theorm,jacobian,taylors and maclaurin’s series for functions of two variables,
• errors and approximations,maxima-minima of functions of two variables,lagranges method of undetermined multipliers,differentiation under the integral sign,

Unit-4:

• Multiple integrals and their multiplications,double integral,change of order of integration double integral in polar coordinates,
• applications of double integral to find area enclosed by lane curves and volume of solids of revolution,
• triple integral,volume of solids,change of variables,beta and gamma functions and relatioship between them.

Unit-5:

• vector calculus:differential of vectors,scalar and vector point functions gradient of a scalar,field and directional derivative,
• divergence and curl of a vector field and their physical interpretations,del applied twice to point functions,
• integration of vectors,line integral,surface integral,volume integral,green’s,stoke’s and guass divergence theorms  and their simple applications.