## FLUID MECHANICS Notes Pdf File – FM Notes

FLUID MECHANICS Notes – FM Notes – FM pdf Notes Link

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UNIT I

INTRODUCTION : Dimensions and units – Physical properties of fluids specific gravity, viscosity, surface tension, vapor pressure and their influences on fluid motionpressure at a point, Pascal’s law, Hydrostatic law – atmospheric, gauge and vacuum pressure- measurement of pressure. Pressure gauges, Manometers: differential and Micro Manometers.

UNTI – II

Hydrostatic forces on submerged plane, Horizontal, Vertical, inclined and curved surfaces – Center of pressure. Derivations and problems.

UNTI – III

FLUID KINEMATICS : Description of fluid flow, Stream line, path line and streak lines and stream tube. Classification of flows : Steady, unsteady, uniform, nonuniform, laminar, turbulent, rotational and irrotational flows – Equation of continuity for one, two , three dimensional flows – stream and velocity potential functions, flownet analysis.

UNIT – IV

FLUID DYNAMICS : Surface and body forces – Euler’s and Bernoulli’s equations for flow along a stream line for 3-D flow, (Navier – stokes equations (Explanationary) Momentum equation and its application – forces on pipe bend.

UNIT – V

Approximate Solutions of Navier Stoke’s Equations – Boundary layer – concepts, Prandtl contribution, Characteristics of boundary layer along a thin flat plate, Vonkarmen momentum integral equation, laminar and turbulent Boundary layers no deviations BL in transition, separation of BL, control of BL, flow around submerged objects-Drag and Lift- Magnus effect.

UNIT – VI

Reynold’s experiment – Characteristics of Laminar & Turbulent flows. Flow between parallel plates, Flow through long tubes, flow through inclined tubes.

UNIT – VII

CLOSED CONDUIT FLOW: Laws of Fluid friction – Darcy’s equation, Minor losses – pipes in series – pipes in parallel – Total energy line and hydraulic gradient line. Pipe network problems, variation of friction factor with Reynold’s number – Moody’s Chart.

UNIT – VIII

MEASUREMENT OF FLOW : Pitot tube, Venturi meter and orifice meter – classification of orifices, flow over rectangular, triangular and trapezoidal and Stepped notches – –Broad crested weirs.

TEXT BOOKS : (FLUID MECHANICS Lecturer Notes, Fluid Mechanics book, Fluid Mechanics Pdf)

1. Fluid Mechanics by Modi and Seth, Standard book house.

2. Introduction to Fluid Machines by S.K.Som & G.Biswas (Tata Mc.Grawhill publishers Pvt. Ltd.)

3. Introduction to Fluid Machines by Edward J. Shaughnessy, Jr, Ira M. Katz and James P. Schaffer , Oxford University Press, New Delhi

REFERENCES: (FLUID MECHANICS Lecturer Notes, Fluid Mechanics book, Fluid Mechanics Pdf)

1. Fluid Mechanics by J.F.Douglas, J.M. Gaserek and J.A.Swaffirld (Longman)

2. Fluid Mechanics by Frank.M. White (Tata Mc.Grawhill Pvt. Ltd.)

3. Fluid Mehanics by A.K. Mohanty, Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi

4. A text of Fluid mechanics and hydraulic machines by Dr. R.K. Bansal – Laxmi Publications (P) ltd., New Delhi

**Note :- These notes are according to the r09 Syllabus book of**** ****JNTUH. In R13, 8-units of R09 syllabus are combined into 5-units in r13 syllabus. Click here to check all the JNTU Syllabus books**